N.C. Journalism Halls of Fame members
To view all of the names, please scroll in the area below. When you select a name, you have the option to view a detailed biography about the Hall of Fame member.
- Penelope Muse Abernathy (1998)
- John B. Adams (1989)
- Bob and Peggy Allen (2006)
- Bonnie Angelo (1995)
- Louis Austin (2006)
- James K. Batten (1990)
- Henry Belk (1987)
- Jack Betts (2006)
- Furman Bisher (1985)
- David Brinkley (1989)
- Jane Brown (2013)
- Jennie Buckner (2007)
- W. C. "Mutt" Burton (1994)
- Orville Campbell (1993)
- Wallace Carroll (1986)
- W. Horace Carter (1983)
- W.J. Cash (1986)
- Lenoir Chambers (1991)
- Jack Claiborne (2001)
- Reese Cleghorn (1996)
- Beatrice Cobb (1985)
- O.J. "Skipper" Coffin (1982)
- Richard Cole (2005)
- Willard Cole (1992)
- Richard Curtis (1997)
- Clifton Daniel (1982)
- Frank A. Daniels (1991)
- Frank Daniels Jr. (1996)
- Frank Daniels III (2012)
- Jonathan Daniels (1985)
- Josephus Daniels (1981)
- Burke Davis (1984)
- James Davis (2008)
- Betty Debnam (1999)
- Birdie Lee Speight Debnam (2003)
- Harriet Doar (1993)
- Joseph C. Doster Jr. (1993)
- James Edward "Bill" Dowd (2001)
- Jim Dumbell (1998)
- Vivian Austin Edmonds (1988)
- Simmons Fentress (1998)
- J.D. Fitz (1986)
- Fred J. Flagler (2005)
- Ashley B. Futrell (1991)
- Mary Garber (1992)
- Kays Gary (1986)
- David E. Gillespie (1989)
- Harry Golden (1983)
- James Goodmon (1997)
- Bill Green (2012)
- Ron Green (1998)
- Brodie S. Griffith (1989)
- Ferrel Guillory (2007)
- Margaret Harper (1987)
- Lou Harris (1988)
- Charles Hauser (2000)
- Chris Hondros (2013)
- Lawrence "Jeep" Hunter (2004)
- Marjorie Hunter (1992)
- James F. Hurley III (1991)
- Dot Jackson (2010)
- R. Edward Jackson (1995)
- Jay Jenkins (1990)
- T.C. Jervay (1999)
- Gerald W. Johnson (1984)
- William Davis Jones Jr. (1994)
- Karen Jurgensen (2001)
- Carl Kasell (2004)
- Larry Keith (2001)
- Charles Kuralt (1981)
- Harvey Laffoon (2002)
- Tom Lassiter (1982)
- William C. Lassiter (1984)
- Nell Lewis (2000)
- Neil Luxon (1987)
- Malcolm Mallette (2002)
- Doug Marlette (2002)
- Jeff MacNelly (1985)
- Robert Mason (1987)
- Bill McIlwain (2004)
- Sam S. McKeel (1994)
- C.A. "Pete" McKnight (1981)
- Philip Meyer (2008)
- Joseph Mitchell (2011)
- Roger Mudd (1983)
- Alan Murray (2013)
- Rolfe Neill (1988)
- Herb O'Keef (1988)
- Roy H. Park (1990)
- Karen L. Parker (2012)
- Roy H. Parker Jr. (1999)
- Walter Phillips (2002)
- Rose Post (1996)
- Erwin R. Potts (1993)
- Dwane Powell (2013)
- Gene Price (2011)
- Bob Quincy (2005)
- Sam Ragan (1984)
- Dorothy Ridings (1997)
- Peter Ross Range (1998)
- Gene Roberts (1984)
- Wyndham Robertson (2013)
- Steed Rollins (1996)
- Charlie Rose (1999)
- Morris W. Rosenberg (1989)
- Vermont Royster (1981)
- Robert Ruark (2009)
- Reed Sarratt (1985)
- Ellen Scarborough (2004)
- Andrew "Mac" Secrest (2007)
- Donald Shaw (2012)
- Ray Shaw (2010)
- Don Shoemaker (1982)
- James H. Shumaker (1989)
- Claude Sitton (1987)
- John Skipper (2012)
- Irwin Smallwood (1990)
- Doug Smith (2013)
- William D. Snider (1983)
- A.C. Snow (1993)
- Walter Spearman (1983)
- Hugh Stevens (2006)
- Pat Stith (2005)
- Larry Stogner (2010)
- Chuck Stone (2011)
- Don Sturkey (1991)
- Sam Summerlin (1987)
- Elizabeth Gold Swindell (1994)
- M.S. Van Hecke (1992)
- David J. Whichard II (1995)
- Tom Wicker (1981)
- Ed Williams (2011)
- Jon Witherspoon (2005)
- John Woestendiek (2003)
- William Woestendiek (1997)
- Jonathan Yardley (1990)
- Ed Yoder (1985)
- David A. Zucchino (1995)
Penelope Muse Abernathy (1998)
Penelope Muse Abernathy distinguished herself as a leader in developing the New York Times’ business strategy.
Abernathy, 46, was born in Laurinburg, N.C., and is a 1973 graduate of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. She received her M.B.A. from Columbia University in New York City in 1985.
Before joining The Times, she was an editor with The Dallas Times Herald, The Charlotte Observer, The Wichita Eagle-Beacon and The Fayetteville Times. At The Fayetteville Times, she won the first of three Penney-Missouri Awards given in consecutive years to its Lifestyle section.
She joined The New York Times in June 1989 as a corporate planning analyst and became business manager of The Times' then 1,000-member news department with its three dozen foreign bureaus and two dozen domestic bureaus.
Thereafter, she was named vice president of planning, responsible for setting The Times' overall business strategy. She then served as senior vice president of planning and human resources until 1997, where she was responsible for coordinating The Times' development of staff resources with the requirements of the business strategy and plans.
Serving as senior vice president of planning in 1997, she was responsible for coordinating planning between business and news for the paper's redesign in 1997, the introduction of the Northeast Edition and the aggressive expansion of the National Edition.
In December 1997, she was named president of The New York Times News Services, a new division of The Times that includes The New York Times Syndication Sales Corp., Times News Service, TimesFax, Licensing and Royalties, Photo Archives, Book Development, Large Print Weekly and Crossword Product Development.
John B. Adams, a New Jersey native, spent 27 years as a professor in the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism, including 10 years as dean. Adams' dedication to teaching young journalists and contributions to UNC-Chapel Hill's journalism program were exceptional.
Jack Adams started his mass communication career when he enrolled in the University of California at Berkeley at 31. Prior to entering college, he was European sales manager for an American glass company and a real estate broker. He served in the U.S. Air Force, retiring as a lieutenant colonel.
Adams graduated Phi Beta Kappa and with highest honors from Berkeley in two years. Within four more years, he had received master's and doctoral degrees from the University of Wisconsin.
In Wisconsin, he worked as a copy editor and reporter at The Wisconsin State Journal. He soon became interested in journalism education, first teaching at Michigan State University. In 1958 he came to the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism as a specialist in mass communication law. He was dean of the School from 1969 to 1979 and retired in 1985.
He received a teaching-excellence award from UNC-Chapel Hill, the Chancellor's Award for Service to Journalism from the University of Wisconsin and the Sigma Delta Chi Award at UNC-Chapel Hill for his work in freedom of information.
Adams was president of the American Association of Schools and Departments of Journalism and served on the executive committee of the International Association for Mass Communication Research and the N.C. News Media Administration of Justice Council in North Carolina.
The Allens established a family tradition at the Wake Weekly after they bought the paper in the early 1950s. Bob Allen sold advertising and managed the paper’s business activities; Peggy Allen managed the paper’s editorial activities. During their tenure, the weekly was consistently recognized as one of the best community newspapers in North Carolina.
The career of Bonnie Angelo at Time magazine is studded with firsts. In 1978 she became London bureau chief and was the first woman to head a major foreign Time bureau. In 1985, she became the first woman to head a major U.S. Time bureau in New York City, and in 1990 she became the magazine's first correspondent at large, specializing in interview and profiles of major figures.
She was also the first woman president of the Association of American Correspondents in London and chaired the first international conference of the International Women's Media Foundation. She is recognized as a leader in the fight to end discrimination against female journalists.
During her years as a Washington correspondent, she covered presidents, prime ministers and royalty, political campaigns, summit conferences, manned space shots, the inaugurations of six presidents, the Kennedy funerals and Richard Nixon's resignation.
Angelo also served 10 years as weekly co-host of the Washington, D.C., TV program, "Panorama." In London, she participated frequently on BBS and Independent Television programs and on BBC World Service Radio. At the invitation of the U.S. Information Service, she lectured widely in Europe and Africa about U.S. issues and American media.
Louis Austin bought the Carolina Times, an African-American newspaper in Durham, in 1927. He edited and published the paper until his death in 1971. Austin and the Carolina Times were vocal champions for the rights of blacks.
Austin was the president of the Durham branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and helped found the Durham Committee on Negro Affairs. A graduate of the National Training School – now N.C. Central University – Austin worked for the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Co. before starting his journalism career. His daughter, Vivian Austin Edmonds, was inducted to the N.C. Journalism Hall of Fame in 1988.
James K. Batten was chair and chief executive officer of Knight-Ridder Inc.
Born in Suffolk, Va., Batten graduated from Davidson College with a bachelor's degree in 1957 and from Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs in 1962. He completed the advanced management program at Harvard Business School in 1981.
Batten began his newspaper career as editor of the college paper at Davidson. He worked as a reporter for The Charlotte Observer from 1957 to 1958 and from 1962 to 1965. He spent five years as a correspondent in Knight Ridder Newspapers' Washington, D.C., bureau, specializing in Southern politics and civil rights.
He was assistant city editor of the Detroit Free Press from 1970 to 1972 and executive editor of The Charlotte Observer from 1972 to 1975. Batten was named Knight-Ridder vice president for news from 1975 to 1980, senior vice president from 1980 to 1982, director in 1981, president in 1982, and chair and CEO in 1989.
Henry Belk began working at the Goldsboro News and News-Argus in 1926 and was named editor of the News-Argus in 1949.
He retired in 1968 at age 70. Although hindered by poor eyesight and later blindness, he continued writing a column until six months before his death in 1972.
His talents earned high tribute from editors at The News & Observer in Raleigh, who, upon Belk's retirement, wrote: "It's good . . . that he will continue writing. Readers can expect in his column a continuation of the grace and goodwill, as well as the good sense, that have marked his highly personal editorials over the years. . . . North Carolina is better for his presence."
Belk was president of the N.C. Press Association in 1950-51 and president of the Associated Press News Council in 1953. He studied at the Columbia University School of Journalism and began his journalism career as a reporter for the Monroe Journal and as a stringer for the Greensboro Daily News.
A lifelong North Carolina journalist, Jack Betts is known for his writing on politics and public affairs. He has been awarded four first-place awards for his editorials from the N.C. Press Association since 1993.
A 1968, graduate of UNC-Chapel Hill, Betts has worked as a reporter and correspondent for the Greensboro Daily News and the News & Record in Greensboro and editor of North Carolina Insight magazine. In 1992, Betts joined the Charlotte Observer’s editorial board. Betts has made contributions as an analyst for N.C. Public Television.
Furman Bisher, a native of Denton, N.C., and 1938 UNC-Chapel Hill graduate, has written more than 600 magazine stories for Sports Illustrated, The Saturday Evening Post and other national publications. He is recognized for his work as sports editor of The Atlanta Journal and columnist for The Sporting News.
At 20, Bisher became editor of the Lumberton Voice. Later he worked for The High Point Enterprise and The Charlotte News, where he became sports editor in 1948.
Bisher was president of the National Sportscasters and Sportswriters Association from 1974 to 1976. He was president of the Football Writers Association of America in 1959-60.
The author of seven sports books, Bisher has been cited 16 times by the Georgia Associated Press for sportswriting. In 1961, Time magazine named him one of the nation's five best columnists.
David Brinkley, a Wilmington, N.C., native, began his journalism career as a high school student writing for The Wilmington Star. He attended Vanderbilt University before service in the Army interrupted his studies.
In 1943, Brinkley got his first full-time broadcasting job: White House correspondent for NBC News. From that auspicious beginning, he spent almost 40 years with NBC radio and television.
Brinkley has reported on every president since Franklin D. Roosevelt. He has covered every presidential election and nominating convention since 1952 and has reported many of the major national news events in recent history.
For most of the 1960s, he was co-anchor of "The Huntley-Brinkley Report," a network evening newscast that not only was exceedingly popular but also was considered first-rate broadcast journalism.
After Huntley retired, Brinkley remained at NBC as co-anchor with John Chancellor on the "NBC Nightly News" and later as a commentator for the program.
He moved to ABC in 1981 as host of the Sunday morning interview program, "This Week with David Brinkley." He retired as host of the show in 1996.
Brinkley has won every major broadcasting award, including 10 Emmy Awards, two George Foster Peabody Awards, and the Radio and Television News Directors Association's "Paul White Award" for distinguished service to broadcast journalism.
Jane Brown retired as a professor from the UNC School of Journalism and Mass Communication in December 2012 after a career that spanned more than 30 years researching media and their affects on adolescent health.
She is the co-editor or co-authors of five books on adolescents’ health and the media, including “Sexual Teens, Sexual Media: Investigating Media’s Influence on Adolescent Sexuality” (2002), “Media, Sex and the Adolescent” (1992) and “The Media, Social Science and Social Policy for Children” (1985). She also is author of more than 60 book chapters and articles.
She has served on the boards of Advocates for Youth, the Trojan Sexual Health Advisory Committee, the Institute of Medicine’s Board on Children, Youth and Families and the research advisory board of the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy.
While at UNC, Brown received the C. Knox Massey Distinguished Service Award in 2011, the Faculty to Faculty Mentoring Award in 2008, the General Alumni Association’s Faculty Service Award in 2006, the Cornelia Phillips Spencer Bell Award for service to the University in 2002 and the Outstanding Faculty/Staff Woman Award given by the Women’s Issues Network and the Carolina Women’s Center in 1999, among many others. She has chaired more than 30 doctoral committees, 35 master’s committees and seven undergraduate honors committees.
As vice president and editor of The Charlotte Observer for 11 years, Buckner provided editorial leadership to the newspaper’s 260 news professionals until her retirement in 2004. During her tenure as editor, the newspaper won numerous state and national awards and was also a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in public service.
Buckner was the first female top editor of The Charlotte Observer, as well as the first woman to serve as vice president of news for Knight Ridder. During her 35 years in journalism, Buckner also was managing editor of the San Jose (Calif.) Mercury News, and she held a number of editing positions at The Detroit Free Press.
Mutt Burton joined the Greensboro Daily News in 1936 as the newspaper's one-person Rockingham County bureau in his native Reidsville. For nearly 57 years, his art and theater columns and, for almost 50 years, his Sunday op-ed page columns appeared in the Greensboro Daily News and The News & Record.
"Mutt's columns contained that lacking in so much of our journalism today—a human touch, a personal feel, a sense that the writer cares for his subjects and his readers," said Jim Jenkins, editorial writer for The News & Observer. "Try to find the egomania in Mutt's column and you'll not see it. Try to find a harsh or cruel edge—it isn't there."
In addition to writing about theater, Burton has graced the stage. For 50 years, he appeared in a variety of roles with the University of North Carolina at Greensboro Theater, Parkway Playhouse and the Flat Rock Playhouse. He appeared in the 1979 film "Being There," which starred the late Peter Sellers. He also performed in a PBS production of "The Gardener's Son" and some educational films.
In 1981, UNC-G awarded Burton an honorary doctor of fine arts degree, and the N.C. Theater Conference awarded him its distinguished career award for lifetime service to theater.
A collection of Burton's columns, Christmas in My Bones, compiled by his granddaughter, Anna Morehead Nelson, was published by Down Home Press in 1991. He also has written a biography, H. Smith Richardson: Ideas into Action.
Campbell, publisher of The Chapel Hill Weekly and The Chapel Hill Newspaper from 1954 to 1987, died in 1989. He was a successful journalist, businessperson and civic leader. Hundreds of journalism students, including three-time Pulitzer Prize-winner Jeff MacNelly, got their starts on Campbell's newspaper.
Born in Chesterfield, Ill., in 1919, Campbell graduated from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1942. At Carolina, he was editor of The Daily Tar Heel and a member of the Golden Fleece.
Campbell was always a staunch supporter of the community, the University and the state. He never forgot the community aspect of local journalism. He received the Chapel Hill Chamber of Commerce Citizen of the Year Award four times, the only person to be honored more than once. In 1984, the award recognized his efforts to raise $509,000 for the nearly bankrupt Chapel Hill-Carrboro YMCA.
Campbell converted The Chapel Hill Weekly to a daily in 1972, and during his tenure the paper received more than 150 state and national awards. He served as president of the N.C. Press Association in 1968. In 1985 he won the Distinguished Service Medal from the UNC-Chapel Hill General Alumni Association. In 1987 the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Medicine gave Campbell its Distinguished Service Award.
He was always interested in music and recordings. In the late 1940s, he helped Andy Griffith get his start by recording "What It Was, Was Football" and helped George Hamilton IV begin his recording career by producing "A Rose and a Baby Ruth."
"Orville made an exceptional contribution to journalism through the years—as publisher, leader in the N.C. Press Association, and supporter of the University," said Claude Sitton, former editor of the Raleigh News & Observer.
Wallace Carroll studied journalism at Marquette University and graduated in 1928. He joined the United Press London bureau in 1929. By 1939, he was bureau manager and reported the German bombing of the city.
He also covered war action in the Soviet Union and was the first reporter to tour Pearl Harbor after the Japanese attack. In 1942, he became director of the U.S. Office of War Information in London and an adviser to Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower.
In 1949, Carroll joined the Winston-Salem Journal and The Sentinel as executive editor. Six years later, he became Washington, D.C., bureau editor for The New York Times.
In 1963, he returned to Winston-Salem as editor and publisher and retired in 1973.
W. Horace Carter founded the Tabor City Tribune in 1946, and with him as the sole member of the news and advertising staffs, it became the first weekly newspaper to win the Pulitzer Prize. The 1953 prize for "meritorious public service" recognized the newspaper's crusade against the Ku Klux Klan, which resulted in 62 Klan convictions, including the first in history. To read more about Horace Carter's battles with the Ku Klux Klan, click here.
A Stanly County native, Carter was editor of the Daily Tar Heel at UNC-Chapel Hill and was inducted into the Order of the Grail and the Golden Fleece.
He helped build Atlantic Publishing Company into a chain of seven newspapers and has published multiple books. He is known for his columns and editorials for the Tribune.
W.J. Cash worked on the Wake Forest University newspaper as a student and joined The Charlotte News in 1926 as a reporter. He later became assistant city editor and state editor for the News.
A prolific writer and editor, Cash wrote The Mind of the South, a book analyzing the region and its people.
"The Mind of the South stands alone in its time as a feat of historical synthesis and creative imagination," the late Joseph L. Morrison of the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism wrote in his biography of Cash. "His book came upon the South like a sobering dash of cold water."
Cash received a Guggenheim fellowship before his death in 1941.
Chambers, who was born in Charlotte, N.C., spent his early years as a reporter on the Greensboro Daily News, becoming city editor and associate editor. In 1929, he joined the Norfolk Virginian-Pilot as associate editor under Pulitzer Prize-winner Louis Jaffe.
In 1944, Chambers became editor of the Norfolk Ledger-Dispatch before returning to The Virginian-Pilot as editor in 1950, succeeding Jaffe. He retired in 1962.
As editor, Chambers distinguished himself within the state, standing virtually alone in his opposition to Virginia's "massive resistance" to desegregation that in 1958 closed six secondary schools in Norfolk, along with schools in Charlottesville and Warren County. Chambers received a Pulitzer Prize in 1960 for his series of 10 editorials criticizing the school closings.
Chambers was also a noted historian and author. His two-volume biography of Stonewall Jackson was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize in history, also in 1960, and is considered by some the definitive work on the Confederate leader.
Chambers graduated Phi Beta Kappa from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1914. He continued his education at the Columbia School of Journalism in 1916-17, served in World War I, and returned to North Carolina as editor of the University's news bureau from 1919 to 1921.
His affection and concern for the South and his understanding of it earned him a national reputation as a Southern liberal. But his interests exceeded the regional. Shortly after the Korean war, he wrote: "There no longer is any Fortress America to retreat to, and maybe there never was. We play our part in the world, or the world will break us. We play our part guided by understanding and wisdom."
Jack Claiborne's illustrious career at The Charlotte Observer, which ran from 1949 to 1990, included his Saturday morning editorial column, "This Time and Place," which was devoted to local and state affairs and ran for 20 years. He also served as Washington, D.C., correspondent, copy desk chief, Carolinas editor, city editor, editorial writer and associate editor, among other positions at the Observer. Claiborne has held leadership positions with Park Communications and the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.
Claiborne has written five books: Jack Claiborne's Charlotte; The Charlotte Observer, Its Time and Place, 1869-1986; Unto the Least of These, A Centennial History of Alexander Children's Center; Discovering North Carolina, A Tar Heel Reader; and The Crown of the Queen City, A History of the Charlotte Chamber of Commerce.
He has also won countless awards, including N.C. Press Association awards for sportswriting, education reporting, newswriting, feature writing and editorial writing. His former roles in leadership include chair of the N.C. Humanities Council, chair of the N.C. Editorial Writers Conference and director of the Charlotte chapter of the National Conference of Christians and Jews.
Reese Cleghorn began his journalism career at The Atlanta Journal, where he was a general assignment reporter from 1950 to 1952, principally in Wiesbaden, Germany. He was an editor and reporter with the Associated Press from 1954 to 1958 in New York and Atlanta. He became editor and co-publisher of The California Courier in 1958 and returned to the Journal two years later as assistant city editor, state news editor, editorial writer and associate editor.
In 1971 he became editorial-page editor for The Charlotte Observer, where his editorials were known for their courage, thoughtfulness and grace. In 1976 he became associate editor of the Detroit Free Press, and in 1981 he became a professor and dean of the College of Journalism at the University of Maryland.
Cleghorn is a life member and past president of the National Conference of Editorial Writers. He has been a member of the Society of Professional Journalists since 1947 and served as Atlanta chapter president.
He is co-author of Climbing Jacob's Ladder, a book on the civil rights movement in the South. He has written numerous articles for magazines and newspapers, including American Journalism Review, The New York Times, The Economist, The Saturday Evening Post, The Washington Post and The Baltimore Sun.
He earned a bachelor's degree in journalism from Emory University in 1950 and his master's degree in public law and government from Columbia University in 1956.
Beatrice Cobb, a native of Morganton, N.C., taught school in Hickory and her hometown before entering a career in journalism. She was publisher of The Morganton News Herald from 1916 until her death in 1959. She was also secretary-treasurer of the N.C. Press Association for 37 years.
Her personal column, "Folks, Facts and Fancies," was widely quoted in the state press. Although she wrote a daily column, Cobb never learned how to use a typewriter and wrote all her copy by hand.
In 1934, she became North Carolina's representative to the Democratic National Committee and served until 1952.
Skipper Coffin is lauded as one of the most famous professors in the history of the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism. He taught from 1926 to 1950, served as head of the department before the Department of Journalism became a school, and was named dean of the school from 1950 to 1953.
Coffin was first listed in Who's Who in America in 1928. He has worked in numerous positions as a reporter, editor, and columnist for North Carolina papers including the Asheboro Courier, The Charlotte Observer, The Raleigh Times, The Charlotte News and the Greensboro Daily News.
His publications included two books, Slavery in the Old South and State House Anthology. Coffin died in 1956.
Richard Cole served for 26 years as dean of UNC-Chapel Hill’s School of Journalism and Mass Communication. Under his guidance, the school attained national prominence. In national accreditation reports, the school was rated as “perhaps the best in the country.”
Cole also led the school to international prestige through programs in East Europe, Russia, Mexico, Cuba, Africa and the Middle East. In 1992, Cole received the Freedom Forum Medal for Distinguished Accomplishments in Journalism-Mass Communication Administration. Cole, at 50, was the youngest person to have received the award, which had been given only three times previously.
An author of one book and the editor of another, he has also written articles for the field’s leading journals. He holds a university-wide teaching excellence award at UNC-Chapel Hill and is one of the handful of people who have been president of both major national organizations in the field: the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication and the Association of Schools of Journalism and Mass Communication. For seven years, he was vice president of the Accrediting Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communications and was a vice president of the International Association for Mass Communication Research.
Cole, of North Wilkesboro, N.C., guided the Whitesville (N.C.) News-Reporter to a Pulitzer prize in the early 1950s for its unyielding editorial battle against the active Columbus County Ku Klux Klan.
"This was not just your rabble-rousing, hate-mongering activity but an effort on the part of a group of substantial redneck citizens to construct a significant power base," said James M. Harper of The State Port Pilot. "Cole recognized the danger early and chose to take on the KKK leaders." Despite resistance from citizens who threatened him and canceled subscriptions and advertising, Cole continued to wage war on the Klan. A subsequent FBI investigation led to the arrest, conviction and imprisonment of a dozen Klansmen. "More than any other person," Harper says, "Willard Cole was responsible for these results, [although] he never received full recognition for his strategic role in this fight."
Richard Curtis is a founding editor of USA Today. He was the chief architect of its dramatic style and innovative design when the newspaper was created in 1982. Today, as managing editor for graphics and photography, his work continues to influence thousands of editors, graphic artists and photographers throughout the world.
Curtis grew up in Hudson, N.C., and got his start in journalism as editor of The Technician, the student newspaper at N.C. State University. He graduated from N.C. State’s School of Design in 1972. He served as assistant managing editor for graphics and features of The (Baltimore) News American, and worked for the Miami News and the St. Petersburg Times in Florida before joining USA Today.
He is founder and past president of the Society for Newspaper Design, and the founding editor of the organization's quaterly journal, DESIGN. He was also a co-creator of the Freedom Forum's photojournalism flying shortcourse in Eastern Europe.
Clifton Daniel, a native of Zebulon, N.C., and 1933 graduate of UNC-Chapel Hill, was associate editor of the Daily Bulletin in Dunn in 1933-34, and a reporter for the Raleigh News & Observer from 1933 to 1937. He reported for the Associated Press in New York, Washington, D.C., Bern and London from 1937 to 1943, before moving to The New York Times in 1944, where he was a correspondent in Paris, the Middle East, Germany and the U.S.S.R.
He moved back to the Times' home base in 1955 and held such positions as assistant to the manager editor, 1957-59; assistant managing editor, 1959-64; and managing editor, 1964-69. He became associate editor in 1969 and served as Washington correspondent from 1973 to 1976.
Daniel received the Overseas Press Club award for best reporting abroad in 1955.
In 1967, addressing a U.S. Senate committee considering legislation to aid financially ailing papers, Daniels urged for "independent editorial voices in the community."
Daniels was a treasurer and then a director of the American Newspaper Publishers Association and was president of the Southern Newspaper Publishers Association in 1951. From 1964 to 1967, Daniels was a director of the Associated Press.
After his retirement from the Associated Press board of directors, the board saluted him as a "tough-minded newspaper executive... who brought to the board that spirit of self determination and independence so characteristic of his home state of North Carolina."
Daniels never ran for public office but was a behind-the-scenes worker, especially in local elections. After World War II, he was one of a group of businessmen who successfully worked for the council-manager form of government for Raleigh and helped recruit competent candidates for the City Council.
Daniels served as a leader in a number of civic organizations including the Raleigh Community Chest, of which he was president. He was chair of the State Board of Public Welfare from 1948 to 1957. He was also a trustee of UNC-Chapel Hill and was chair of the board of trustees of Rex Hospital for 25 years.
Frank Daniels was the fourth member of the Daniels family to be inducted into the N.C. Journalism Hall of Fame. He joined Josephus Daniels, his grandfather; Jonathan Daniels, his uncle; and Frank Daniels, his father—all of whom made significant contributions to North Carolina and to excellence in journalism.
He is also proud of the fact that more than 15 honorees in the N.C. Journalism Hall of Fame and one in the N.C. Advertising Hall of Fame worked at The News & Observer or Raleigh Times during their careers.
Daniels was born in Raleigh, N.C., and received his bachelor's degree in history from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1953. In 1971, he became president and publisher of The News and Observer Publishing Company.
He has been president of the N.C. Press Association and the Southern Newspaper Publishers Association and chair of the American Newspaper Publishers Association Foundation. Daniels has also shown a strong commitment to community service, working for organizations including the Triangle United Way, Rex Hospital, the Governor's Committee for a Competitive North Carolina and the UNC-Chapel Hill General Alumni Association. He has also been chair of the Greater Triangle Community Foundation, the Newspaper Advertising Bureau, and the United Arts Council of Raleigh and Wake County.
Frank Daniels III is the former vice president and executive editor of The (Raleigh) News & Observer, among other positions at the newspaper his family founded. Under his leadership, The N&O won many industry awards including the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service, and became a leader in the transition to digital newsrooms and Internet publishing including launching one of the first Internet newspapers, nando.net, in 1993.
Daniels co-founded two Internet publishing companies and eventually acquired controlling interest in VitalSource Technologies, a digital textbook publishing company he sold to Ingram Digital, where he became chief commercial officer.
He then founded Wakestone Press, a Nashville-based publisher focusing on non-fiction stories. He is the editor for community engagement with The Tennessean, and he is a co-owner of The Pilot in Southern Pines, N.C.
With his induction, Daniels joins his father, Frank Jr., grandfather, Frank, and his great grandfather, Josephus, in the N.C. Journalism Hall of Fame.
Jonathan Daniels, a native of Raleigh, received his bachelor's and master's degrees in 1921 and 1922 from UNC-Chapel Hill, where he edited The Daily Tar Heel. During the summers, he was a reporter for The News & Observer.
Although he passed the state bar examination, Daniels never practiced law, working instead as sports editor and Washington correspondent for The News & Observer. He moved to New York City to write for Fortune magazine in 1930 and published his first novel, Clash of Angels, which earned him a Guggenheim Fellowship that year.
In 1932, he returned to The News & Observer as associate editor, becoming editor the next year. Renowned for his liberal editorials, Daniels was called a progressive force in the state by The Charlotte Observer.
In 1970, he moved to Hilton Head, S.C., where he established Hilton Head Island Packet and contributed a weekly column to the paper. Daniels, who died in 1981, wrote dozens of books and articles, although he devoted much time to public service.
Josephus Daniels, born in Wilson, N.C., in 1862, began his career in journalism at age 19 as editor and publisher of the Wilson Daily Advance. Later he moved to Raleigh and spent a long and vigorous career as editor and publisher of The News & Observer. He served as secretary of the Navy in President Woodrow Wilson's cabinet and as President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's ambassador to Mexico. He died in 1948.
Burke Davis, of Durham, N.C., is perhaps best known for his books about the Civil War, including Sherman's March, a graphic portrayal of Sherman's 1865 march through the South. Another work, To Appomattox, won the Mayflower Cup award, which was given for the best nonfiction book in 1959. He won the N.C. Award in Literature in 1973.
Davis became North Carolina's first printer in 1749 when he brought the first printing press to the state. He published the state's first book, first newspaper and first magazine. He is known as "the father of journalism" in North Carolina.
He moved to North Carolina from Virginia after the N.C. General Assembly hired him to turn handwritten statutes into books for governmental use. He also printed currency, legislative journals and session laws. In his 33 years as a public printer, he printed at least 100 titles. Davis also printed the state's first non-legal book written by a North Carolinian, Clement Hall's "A Collection of Many Christian Experiences."
Davis served in the General Assembly, as a county sheriff, justice of the peace and commissioner of the Port of New Bern. Ben Franklin appointed him to open the state's first post office in 1755.
Debnam is a 1949 graduate of St. Mary's Junior College in Raleigh and a 1952 graduate of UNC-Chapel Hill. She holds a master's degree in education from Duke University.
She was teaching first grade when she convinced The News & Observer in Raleigh to start The Mini Page in 1969. The Mini Page quickly attracted acclaim as a multipurpose teaching tool. It addresses everything from U.S. history to endangered species, from good manners to Shakespeare. Today The Mini Page appears in about 500 newspapers in this country and abroad.
N.C. Gov. James B. Hunt said recently that Debnam "has contributed greatly to our efforts to ensure our children are aware of the issues that will significantly affect them now and in the future."
Among the many honors Debnam and The Mini Page have received are a remarkable 20 Distinguished Achievement Awards from the Educational Press Association of America.
Debnam is married to Richard Hunt, a former N&O reporter, U.S. Marine Corps colonel and Washington lobbyist.
Birdie Lee Speight Debnam was an amazing woman who was editor and publisher of an Eastern North Carolina weekly paper in Greene County for nearly three decades.
Her husband, Joseph Eppy Debnam, started the Standard Laconic in 1906. When Joseph died in 1934, Birdie Lee decided to fulfill her husband’s wish that she deep the paper going. She was 55 years old, the mother of six children and had little knowledge of the newspaper business except what she had gathered as she watched her husband at work.
Debnam’s family helped her to get started One of her sons, Douglas, took care of printing. On press night, her grandchildren would help fold the papers.
After five years, she took over the paper on her own. She was editor and publisher of the Standard Laconic for 28 years and became a familiar face on the streets of Snow Hill. She handled all of the duties of publishing the paper, including gathering the news, editing the copy and selling advertising and subscriptions.
“She was a journalist when few women single-handedly shouldered the responsibility for a community newspaper,” said Dave Whichard, former publisher of the Greenville Daily Reflector. “She continued well beyond normal retirement years to nourish her beloved newspaper, the community and the county it served.”
Debnam sold the paper to Whichard in 1962, when she was 83 years old. Debnam continued writing a column and selling subscriptions until 1968 when failing eyesight forced her to retire completely.
Debnam died in 1977 at age 97.
Doar, a native of Charlotte, N.C., is a pioneering journalist. She was a charter member and first president of the N.C. Women's Press Association, receiving statewide writing awards from that organization for eight consecutive years, 1964 to 1971.
Born in Charlotte in 1912, Doar graduated from Central High School and attended Duke and UNC-Chapel Hill. She spent her career in Charlotte, working for The Charlotte Observer. Before her retirement in 1976, she was women's editor, book page editor, art and theater critic, editorial writer and columnist.
As the Observer's book page editor, Doar influenced the careers of many writers and established a high standard for literary quality in the South. As Ed Williams of the Observer observed, "Her pithy and wide-ranging columns showed her to be a wise and loving critic of her region and the writers who interpreted it."
She joined the Observer's editorial board in 1975. In 1982, Doar received the Sam Ragan Prize for outstanding contributions to the arts of North Carolina.
Jim Batten, former chair and CEO of Knight Ridder, has said: "Harriet was an extremely gifted pioneer in a business that was slow, as others were in the 1950s and 1960s, to give women a full chance at contribution and achievement. She was quietly devoted to her craft, and because her talent was so large, she became one of North Carolina's journalistic stars of her generation."
Doster was named publisher of The Winston-Salem Journal and The Sentinel in 1977, and president of Piedmont Publishing Co. in 1985.
Born on Aug. 4, 1928, in Rutherford County, N.C., he attended public schools there and Central High School. He began his career at The Charlotte Observer after graduating Phi Beta Kappa from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1956 with a degree in journalism. At the Observer, he covered local and county government before becoming a political reporter in 1962. He became assistant state editor in 1967.
He spent the next five years at The Winston-Salem Journal as its state capital correspondent in the Raleigh bureau. He moved to Winston-Salem as the Journal's managing editor in 1972.
A past president of the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication Foundation and the N.C. Press Association, Doster has won several reporting awards from the N.C. Press Association, and the Journal won the first Duke University Award for Distinguished Reporting on Higher Education. He has been a member of the board and president of the N.C. First Amendment Foundation.
Doster is a well-respected and well-liked civic leader, having served on boards of the N.C. Institute of Political Leadership, Leadership Winston-Salem, Old Salem Inc., Forsyth County United Way and Upward Bound of Winston-Salem.
James Edward "Bill" Dowd was general manager of The Charlotte Observer and vice president of Knight Publishing from 1955 until his death in 1966.
He joined Knight Publishing after serving as editor and as general manager of The Charlotte News, a paper his family owned from 1893 to 1947.
Dowd, who grew up in Charlotte, N.C., joined the News in 1928 and became editor in 1932. During his time with the paper, he established a reputation for direct, candid expression and realistic analysis of community concerns in Charlotte and North Carolina. In 1937, he spearheaded and directed an assessment of slums in Charlotte, which resulted in the establishment of the Housing Authority in 1938. His editorials regularly assailed crime, air pollution and poverty.
In 1944 Dowd's interest in community improvement prompted him to establish The Charlotte News Man of the Year Award. He was a founder and former president of the Charlotte City Club and a member of the 1965 City Charter Review Commission. Dowd also served as a director of the Charlotte Chamber of Commerce and director of Charlotte's Goodwill Industries. He helped establish a program of productive employment for people with disabilities.
Jim Dumbell was The Charlotte Observer's most senior staff member when he retired in 1988. A talented photographer and writer, Dumbell spent 48 years at The Observer, capturing the Carolinas with pictures and stories.
Dumbell began taking pictures at age 12 and was a prize-winning professional by 20. He dropped out of UNC-Chapel Hill in 1940 during his sophomore year, seeking more excitement than college classes could offer.
A year after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Dumbell was drafted into World War II and worked in the Pacific still- and motion-picture photography unit out of Hawaii until the war's end. He returned to The Observer and was continually recognized with state and regional awards for his photographs. He moved up to become chief photographer, heading an expanding staff of prize winners.
Tiring of administration, Dumbell transferred from his position as chief photographer and turned to writing and editing, pairing unique stories with photographic art. Always in search of the unusual, he roamed the Carolina coast and mountains to find stories of little-known individuals and communities.
After covering the 40th anniversary of D-Day in France in 1984, Dumbell was given a special slot as travel writer, where he covered everything from weekend jaunts in the Carolinas and New England to Europe, the Caribbean, Hawaii and Mexico. His travel stories were syndicated to more than 100 newspapers nationwide.
Dumbell has won first-place awards for his photography from the National Press Photographers Association and the N.C. Press Association.
A native of Durham, N.C., Vivian Austin Edmonds assumed ownership of The Carolina Times, the state’s oldest black-owned newspaper, in 1971 after the death of her father, Louis Austin. He started the paper in 1922.
Edmonds, who has held every staff position on the paper, graduated from N.C. Central University in 1948. She worked on the newspaper for several years before returning to NCCU to earn a master's degree in guidance and counseling. She was a guidance counselor for the Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools for more than 12 years before assuming full-time management of The Carolina Times.
Among her honors are the Living Legacy Award from Shaw University and an Outstanding Woman Award through the Durham YWCA's Women of Achievement program. She has also won recognition from Boy Scouts of America, Durham Chapter of Squaws, Iota Phi Lambda sorority and Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity.
In a 20-year career at Time magazine, Simmons Fentress covered some of the biggest stories of the 1960s and 1970s.
Fentress was born in Maribel, N.C., in 1926 and graduated from Wake Forest College in 1945.
He began his journalism career as a copy editor and political reporter for The News & Observer in Raleigh, where he chronicled the rise of Governor Terry Sanford. He was then hired as an editorial writer at The Charlotte Observer. He was awarded a Nieman Fellowship at Harvard University for the 1957-58 academic year and studied race relations.
In 1961, Fentress became the Atlanta bureau chief for Time magazine and covered the civil rights revolution brewing in the South. He then moved to Time's Washington, D.C., bureau, where he covered the U.S. Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren, and the Justice Department, then headed by Robert Kennedy.
In 1966, he was made chief of Time's Saigon bureau during the height of the Vietnam conflict. Chosen for his careful, diligent reporting, Fentress followed in the wake of two Saigon bureau chiefs who had resigned in protest, arguing that Time wasn't running stories critical of the war effort. After several months on the job, Fentress came to agree with the previous editors and convinced Time to change its perspective on the war. His role is discussed in David Halberstam's history of the press and politics, The Powers That Be.
When he returned to Washington, D.C., as a political correspondent in 1967, Fentress followed Richard Nixon on the campaign trail. He was then assigned to cover Nixon's first two years in office as White House correspondent. He later covered Nixon's demise in the Watergate scandal.
Fentress served as political correspondent until 1975, when he became a general assignment reporter, covering the CIA. He was a mentor to many young journalists during his 20 years at Time magazine. He died of cancer in 1981.
J.D. Fitz began work in the backshop of The Reidsville Review at age 12. For more than 50 years, he worked in almost all aspects of the newspaper business.
In the 1930s and 1940s, he worked at the Greensboro Daily News, the Shelby Daily Star, The Daily Independent in Kannapolis and the Cleveland Times. Following World War II, he went to the Morganton News Herald. He became publisher of both the News Herald and The Valdese News in 1960 and retired in 1980.
Fitz was president of the N.C. Press Association in 1971.
Fred J. Flagler joined the Winston-Salem Journal as assistant city editor in 1955. When he retired 36 years later as the paper’s associate managing editor, he had presided over coverage of race riots, struggled through the murder of a reporter and helped win the 1971 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service. Flagler was highly regarded for his care for reporters who worked for him.
Flagler graduated from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1946. He held positions with both the Statesville (N.C.) Record and the High Point (N.C.) Enterprise before joining the Journal. He was named managing editor of the Journal in 1962 and took the same position with the Journal’s sister publication, the Twin City Sentinel, in 1972. In the 1960s, Flagler insisted that the Journal cover the race riots in the city accurately, despite calls from local politicians to downplay the story. The Journal’s coverage of potential strip mining in the North Carolina mountains won the Pulitzer Prize in 1971. Flagler also presided over the Sentinel’s newsroom on Aug. 10, 1984, when Deborah Sykes, a copy editor, did not show up for work. Sykes had been raped and murdered not far from the newsroom. Flagler led the paper through the crisis.
The Sentinel shut down operations in 1985, just 36 days short of its 100th birthday. Flagler returned to the Journal as its third-ranking news executive and retired in 1991.
Futrell is editor and publisher emeritus of the Washington (N.C.) Daily News, which received the 1990 Pulitzer Prize for meritorious public service, the highest Pulitzer of all.
The prize was given for a series of articles about the contamination of the city's water system by cancer-causing chemicals. The newspaper revealed that the local water contained high levels of carcinogens and that city officials had known this for years but regarded it as a problem to be solved someday by building a new water plant. The news broke a month before voters were to select a mayor and city council.
In addition, under Futrell's leadership the News received the N.C. Press Association's highest honor, the public service award, in 1959, 1962 and 1989. No other paper of its size has ever won the award three times.
A 1933 graduate of Duke University, he received numerous awards from the NCPA, including best editorials in 1956, 1959 and 1975 and best feature writing in 1960.
Futrell began his journalism career as a reporter for the Wilson Daily Times before becoming editor and publisher of the News in 1949. He worked in that capacity until 1982, when he became publisher emeritus.
One of Futrell's major accomplishments in the state Senate was his work in making the medical school at East Carolina University into a medical center for the eastern part of the state.
Futrell was president of the Eastern N.C. Press Association in 1956-57 and was president of the N.C. Press Association in 1960.
Futrell's many other awards include the NCPA's community service award in 1959 and 1962 and the N.C. School Bell Award by the N.C. Education Association in 1962.
Futrell has served as president of the Wilson Jaycees and is a lifetime member of the Washington Jaycees. He has twice served as president of the Greater Washington Chamber of Commerce and received that organization's Community Service Award in 1979.
Garber began writing sports for the Winston-Salem Sentinel and Journal in 1944, after serving as the paper's society editor and a staff reporter for four years. Garber covered every sport, including Atlantic Coast Conference football and basketball during her 50-year tenure. She retired in 1986.
As the only female sportswriter in the region for her first 30 years with the paper, Garber was inventive with her coverage, because she was not allowed in dressing rooms. Many players and coaches appreciated her enthusiasm, expertise and genuine interest, and they went out of their way to help her collect quotes and interviews. For many years, Garber was also barred from all the major sportswriting associations, although she eventually became president of Atlantic Coast Sportswriters.
Garber was committed to publicizing black athletes and sports events during the early phase of her career, something few other white writers, male or female, did.
"There were two different worlds then, white and black," Coach Clarence "Bighouse" Gaines of Winston-Salem State University told Diane Gentry of the Washington Press Club Foundation in 1990. "Most news about black people ended on the Sunday newspaper's colored page. We had outstanding athletes here, and Mary came to write about them when no one else cared. She was always trying to help the underdog."
Kays Gary, a 1942 UNC-Chapel Hill alumnus, began his journalism career as sports editor and columnist for The Shelby Daily Star in 1945 after a three-year stint as a military police officer in World War II.
He went to The Charlotte Observer in 1952 as a city reporter, and in the late 1950s he began writing his column, which championed common people and their problems.
Observer metropolitan editor Foster Davis called Gary "the St. Jude of journalism." He said Gary "has been the court of last resort for countless North Carolinians. He sometimes got 30 to 50 telephone calls a day."
David E. Gillespie retired in 1987 after a career that spanned almost 50 years on N.C. newspapers.
Born in Gaston County, Gillespie began his newspaper work in 1939 as sports editor of The Gastonia Gazette. After 42 months in service during World War II, Gillespie came back to that paper and worked his way up to managing editor.
In 1951 he started his own newspaper, The Gaston Citizen, and was its editor and publisher for five years until it ceased publication.
In 1956 he spent a year as Sunday editor for The High Point Enterprise before becoming editor of The Shelby Daily Star, a job he held four years. The Star won several N.C. Press Association awards during Gillespie's tenure, including his award for editorial writing.
The Charlotte Observer hired Gillespie as associate editor and director of the editorial pages in 1961. During 11 of the most turbulent years in the state's recent history, Gillespie's strong editorial leadership contributed to the successful desegregation of Charlotte and the surrounding area.
Gillespie joined the newly formed Southern Growth Policies Board in Research Triangle Park in 1972. As director of administration and later director of intergovernmental affairs, he spent five years working to get the interstate organization established.
In 1977 Gillespie joined The News and Observer as editorial writer and columnist. Among his state press awards for editorial writing were four in succession from 1983 to 1986. He was also one of three finalists for the Pulitzer Prize in editorial writing in 1985.
Gillespie was a member of the American Society of Newspaper Editors and active on its committees for many years. He has been a member of the National Conference of Editorial Writers since 1962 and served on its board of directors. He also has been chair of the N.C. Editorial Writers Conference and president of the N.C. Associated Press News Council.
An immigrant's son who grew up in New York City, Golden moved south to work as a salesperson and reporter for The Charlotte Observer. Golden later founded The Carolina Israelite, a periodical with national circulation, in 1941. The newspaper lasted until 1968.
He fought for civil rights with humor in his books, lectures and especially through his one-person newspaper. He wrote the bestseller "Only in America," "For 2 Cents Plain," and "Enjoy, Enjoy!" He also wrote an anecdotal biography of his friend, poet Carl Sandburg. Golden died in 1981.
Goodmon attended high school in Raleigh and Duke University in 1961-65. He joined Capitol Broadcasting Company in 1968 and became president and chief executive officer in 1979. Subsidiaries of his company include WRAL-TV, a CBS affiliate, and WRAL-FM, both in Raleigh; WJZY-TV in Charlotte; the North Carolina News Network, which includes more than 90 radio affiliates statewide as well as Capitol Radio Networks; and the Durham Bulls Baseball Club.
Goodmon's flagship station, WRAL-TV, pioneered in computerized elections and microwave and satellite news-gathering. It was the first station in the Southeast to utilize a jet helicopter in news coverage. Goodmon’s news organizations won multiple awards during his tenure, including several Emmy’s for News Excellence, the Edward R. Murrow Award from the Radio Television News Director's Association, a Peabody and the CBS News Excellence in Community Service Award.
Goodmon served as president of the A.J. Fletcher Foundation and on the boards of directors of First Union National Bank of North Carolina, N.C. Public Television and N.C. Partnership for Children. He received the Earle Gluck Distinguished Service to Broadcasting Award in 1987 from the N.C. Association of Broadcasters.
Bill Green is a former ombudsman for The Washington Post, former senior assistant to Sen. Terry Sanford and former vice president of university relations at Duke University. He is also a decorated World War II pilot who flew reconnaissance missions in Italy for the U.S. Air Force.
The Zebulon, N.C., native and 1949 Carolina journalism graduate began his journalism career as a reporter for the Durham Sun, becoming editor of the Morganton News Herald and the Shelby Daily Star.
He joined the U.S. Information Agency in 1957 and became press officer at U.S. embassies in Bangladesh and South Africa. He was appointed as special assistant to USIA’s deputy director before serving as deputy assistant administrator for public affairs at NASA. The space agency awarded him its Exceptional Service Medal for his work during the early manned space flights.
In 1970, he became director of university relations at Duke University. While on sabbatical from Duke in 1981, he served as ombudsman for The Washington Post where he investigated a fraudulent story by a Post reporter. The story won a Pulitzer Prize that had to be returned, and Green’s account of the experience is regarded as a landmark in journalism criticism.
For more than 30 years, Ron Green's fans read his daily sports columns in Charlotte newspapers.
Green began his sportswriting career as a high school student in Charlotte, covering prep football in the evening, then riding the bus downtown before school to write his stories for The Charlotte News. After school, he delivered The News on a neighborhood route.
Green went straight to The News full time after finishing high school in 1948, rising to sports editor and then columnist. When The News folded in 1984, he became The Observer's sports columnist.
Green covered four Summer Olympics, 44 Masters golf tournaments, 22 Super Bowls, about two dozen U.S. Open golf tournaments, two British Opens, most NCAA Final Four basketball tournaments in his more than 30-year career and just about everything else, including a tobacco-spitting contest and a frying pan-throwing contest.
His byline appeared in various national publications, including Sports Illustrated. A collection of his columns was published in 1990 as the book, From Tobacco Road to Amen Corner: On Sports and Life.
Green is in the U.S. Basketball Writers Association Hall of Fame, was named N.C. Sportswriter of the Year on five occasions and won numerous state and national awards.
Green was once the national golfing champion of the Golf Writers Association of America and carried an 8 handicap, which he attributed to a lifetime spent finding ways to sneak out to the course.
His son, Ron Jr., was also an Observer sportswriter.
Brodie S. Griffith spent his entire professional life of 52 years as a journalist in North Carolina. He died in 1977.
He was born in Saluda, S.C., in 1899. He attended Erskine College in Due West, S.C., but left to join the U.S. Army in World War I. After receiving a Purple Heart, Griffith started his journalism career as a reporter with the Greensboro Record in 1919. In 1922 he moved to the Greensboro Daily News, but a year later he became state editor of The Charlotte News.
In 1925 Griffith took over as managing editor of The News. He was named executive editor in 1948, general manager in 1955, and editor and general manager in 1959, when Knight Publishing Co. purchased The Charlotte News.
Griffith became general manager of The Charlotte News and The Charlotte Observer in 1966. He retired in 1971.
Griffith was noted for his courage exposing deplorable social conditions of the day. He brought a crusading zeal to The Charlotte News that exposed bootleggers, numbers rackets, bunko artists and fraudulent charities.
In the mid-1930s, he allowed a reporter to be admitted to the N.C. insane asylum at Morganton. The ensuing reports on "snakepit" conditions resulted in a broad reform of state mental hospitals.
A series he directed just prior to World War II led to the enactment of the South's first standard-house ordinance and the establishment of North Carolina's first public housing.
Griffith's many charitable activities included founding The Charlotte News' empty-stocking fund during the Depression, as well as heading local chapters of the Salvation Army, Red Cross and United Way. He served as a church deacon and a Sunday school teacher of a men's class for many years.
Griffith also was a leader in the N.C. Press Association and a founder of the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication Foundation.
Guillory worked at The News & Observer from 1972 to 1994 as a Southern correspondent, government affairs editor, associate editor, chief state capitol correspondent and Washington correspondent. He also wrote a weekly column of commentary on public issues, governance and politics with a special focus on North Carolina and the South for more than two decades.
Guillory has taught in the journalism school since 1997. He is also director of the University’s Program on Southern Politics, Media and Public Life.
Margaret Harper, a native of Southport and 1937 graduate of Greensboro College, began her association with N.C. journalism when she married James M. Harper Jr., publisher of The State Port Pilot. She edited the newspaper while her husband was in the U.S. Navy in World War II.
From 1969 to 1978, she was secretary-treasurer of the N.C. Press Association. Among her other positions: president of the N.C. Federation of Women's Clubs, 1962-64; president of N.C. Press Women, 1944-45; and a trustee of UNC-Chapel Hill.
Her UNC-Chapel Hill work included serving as chair of the ad hoc committee on the Student Health Service building site, chair of the Real Property Study Committee and many other positions.
Her awards included the N.C. Distinguished Service Award for Women in 1979 and the Delta Kappa Gamma Honorary Member Award in 1972.
A native of New Haven, Conn., Lou Harris is known for refining interviewing techniques and to show how newsworthy information can be quantified to aid journalists in their daily work and editors in satisfying reader needs. The findings of the national Harris Survey are available to UNC-Chapel Hill students through the Harris Archive, established by Harris and maintained by the Institute for Research in Social Science.
He graduated from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1942 with a degree in economics. He was active on the editorial staff of several publications and in student politics on campus.
After serving in the Navy, he joined the American Veterans Committee as national program and research director. Soon he joined the organization of Elmo Roper, writing Roper's newspaper columns and radio scripts.
At Roper, Harris began developing his specialty of political research. He left in 1956 to start his own firm, Louis Harris and Associates. He worked in the presidential campaign of John F. Kennedy before becoming a part-time adjunct professor of political science at UNC-Chapel Hill for a number of years.
Charles McCorkle Hauser spent more than 35 years as a reporter, editor and manager at newspapers in North Carolina, Virginia and Rhode Island.
He started his journalism career as a writer for The Daily Tar Heel, where he rose to the jobs of managing editor and co-editor. After graduation in 1954, he worked for The Chapel Hill Weekly and the Charlotte Observer. He spent three years with United Press International as a foreign correspondent in Paris and London and returned to the Observer as Washington correspondent. He moved to the Greensboro News & Record, where he was managing editor and executive news editor, then to Norfolk as vice president and general manager of the Virginian-Pilot and Ledger-Star.
He retired in 1989 after 16 years as vice president and executive editor of the Providence (R.I.) Journal-Bulletin. While at the Journal-Bulletin, he led the staff to one Pulitzer Prize for national reporting and to six finalist recommendations by Pulitzer juries. The investigative team he developed won its own Pulitzer not long after he retired.
At Providence, Hauser also proved his tenacity and dedication to the finest journalistic standards when he published an exposé of the Mafia ties of the state's Supreme Court chief justice. The story resulted in the resignation of the chief justice as impeachment proceedings were under way. Hauser was convicted of criminal contempt and sentenced to 18 months by a federal judge for disobeying the judge's unconstitutional gag order in connection with a separate Mob-related investigation. It took two years, three teams of lawyers and huge amounts of the newspaper's money before he was vindicated in the U.S. Supreme Court.
Hauser was known for his exceptional ability to deal fairly with staff members and to motivate writers and editors to strive for excellence. He was one of the first editors in the nation to bring in an outside writing coach for the writing-improvement program he instituted in Providence, which is still going strong.
The New England Society of Newspaper Editors and Sigma Delta Chi gave him the Yankee Quill Award for career achievements as a regional leader in the field of journalism.
In retirement, he taught and conducted writing workshops for newspapers and other organizations, such as the Poynter Institute for Media Studies, American Press Institute and Southern Newspaper Publishers Association. He wrote editorial columns for the Providence Journal and other papers. Hauser died in 2005.
Chris Hondros, a posthumous journalism inductee, was a Pulitzer Prize-nominated photojournalist.
He covered most of the world’s major conflicts since the late 1990s, including conflicts in Kosovo, Angola, Sierra Leone, Lebanon, Afghanistan, Kashmir, the West Bank, Iraq and Liberia. His work appeared on the covers of publications that included Newsweek, The Economist, The New York Times, The Washington Post and The Los Angeles Times.
Hondros received dozens of awards, including multiple honors from World Press Photo in Amsterdam, the International Pictures of the Year competition, the Vias Pour L’Image in France and the John Faber Award from the Overseas Press Club. In 2004, he was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize in Spot News Photography for his work in Liberia, and in 2006, he won the Robert Capa Gold Medal, war photography’s highest honor for his work in Iraq.
He was born in New York to immigrant Greek and German parents and moved to North Carolina as a child. Hondros earned a degree from North Carolina State University and a master’s degree from Ohio University’s School of Visual Communications. He was killed while on assignment in Libya on April 20, 2011.
Lawrence "Jeep" Hunter, a native of Charlotte, started taking photos 60 years ago, specializing in sports and children's portraits.
Hunter worked for Tom Franklin Studio as a contractor for The Charlotte News starting in 1948. Later, he joined the regular staff of The Charlotte News and then, The Charlotte Observer. He stayed with the Observer until his retirement in 1989.
In 1999, the late Julian Scheer, a member of the N.C. Public Relations Hall of Fame, said Hunter "was probably the best ever" among Charlotte photographers.
Hunter, a Navy veteran of World War II, attended the Baltimore Institute of Photography on the G.I. Bill beginning in 1947. During his career he won, as Scheer said in 1999, "every major prize that a photographer can win."
Among his numerous honors, Hunter was named Southern Photographer of the Year in 1956 and was a co-recipient of the honor in 1962. He was recognized as Kent State Photographer of the Year in 1961 and has won various National Press Photographers Association prizes.
One of his photos, of three postulates at Sacred Heart Academy in Belmont, N.C., was bought by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. The photo was shown in 1961 in a special exhibit, "Photographs and Etchings: The World of Silver and Copper."
He has also had a photo purchased by the Baltimore Museum of Art.
Hunter retired in 1989.
Hunter, a graduate of Burlington (N.C.) High School and Elon College, began her career with The News & Observer in Raleigh at the beginning of World War II, covering police, courts and the N.C. General Assembly.
A one-year stint as a reporter for the Houston (Texas) Press preceded her return to the East Coast in 1950. The Winston-Salem Journal hired Hunter as women's page editor, and a short time later the paper moved her back to Raleigh, where she covered five sessions of the General Assembly, including the last session in the old capitol building. A firm believer in the watchdog function of the press, Hunter gained some notoriety for a 1955 incident in which she challenged the Appropriations Committee's right to convene in closed session and had to be carried from the room while still sitting in her chair.
The New York Times hired her for its Washington, D.C., bureau in 1961. She covered the White House, Congress and other beats before retiring on Jan. 1, 1986.
Hunter was also active in many press clubs and associations. She served as 1969-70 president of the Women's National Press Club and was on the Standing Committee of Correspondents at the Capitol. She was a member of the White House Correspondents Association, Gridiron Club, Speakers Committee of the National Press Club and the Washington Press Club Foundation.
Hurley was in journalism virtually his entire life. Considered by some to be among the best small-daily newspaper publishers in the nation, the Salisbury native grew up around The Salisbury Post, where his grandfather and father were publishers.
He began work as a part-time sportswriter at age 13 and worked in the press room for two summers before taking a job in retail advertising sales. As a result, Hurley had significant experience in the field even before majoring in journalism at UNC-Chapel Hill. He was elected to Phi Beta Kappa as a member of the class of 1953.
After receiving his degree, Hurley was an operations sergeant in the Army before returning to the Post in 1955.
Hurley's roles at the Post included reporter, editor and publisher. He won 12 N.C. Press Association awards, including first place in editorials in 1960, 1962 and 1967. He kept the Post among the winningest papers in the N.C. Press Association for more than 30 years.
His influence made the Post an excellent training ground for young reporters, who became for their aggressiveness.
Hurley's civic role was as important as his professional one. Hurley gave $1 million to Salisbury's Catawba College, where he served as chair of the board of trustees. He also was chair of the fund-raising drive at Catawba, which raised $28 million in capital improvements for the college from 1986 to 1989. He helped finance a new county senior citizens' center and helped gain approval for a $3 million addition to a local public library.
His active community participation led him to be named Newsmaker of the Year by The Salisbury Post in 1987.
Jackson was a columnist and investigative reporter for the Charlotte Observer from 1967 to 1982. She was nominated twice for a Pulitzer Prize, named the National Conservation Writer of the Year, and received an Alicia Patterson Foundation fellowship. She also founded the Birchwood Center for Arts and Folklife, a center that offers programs and workshops for artists and writers.
Ed Jackson's remarkable journalism career began at age 12, when he produced a neighborhood mimeographed daily newspaper, The Daily Journal, in his native Mount Airy, N.C. In high school, he wrote sports and news for the Mount Airy News and Mt. Airy Times and was a sportswriter and news stringer for the Winston-Salem Journal and Sentinel.
That experience, coupled with a three-year Pacific stint in the Navy, led him to become a foreign newswriter for United Press in 1947. He covered British news as a correspondent in London and edited international news that went through the London office. He moved to Italy in 1953 to run the UP bureau in Rome, where he covered Italian news and the Vatican.
Time magazine hired him in 1957. During his 29 years with Time, he was a contributing editor, news editor, Rome bureau chief, Washington news editor and the magazine's first international editor. He left Time in 1986 as deputy chief of correspondents and was later named editor-in-chief of World Press Review, a 75,000-circulation monthly news magazine consisting of stories from overseas publications. He retired in 1991.
He established the Edward Jackson International Scholarship in the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication in 1992. The endowment provides funds for a news-editorial student, preferably from North Carolina, to travel to a country in Europe to learn about its politics, culture and mass media by living and working there.
Jackson graduated cum laude with a bachelor's in history from Washington and Lee University. He served as vice president of the Overseas Press Club and vice president and secretary of The Correspondents Fund, which provides scholarship funds to needy journalists and students.
Jay Jenkins, a native of Robeson County, had a career with N.C newspapers and in service to the state and higher education that spanned more than 40 years.
Jenkins grew up in Boiling Spring. There, he attended junior college and graduated from Wake Forest College in 1940 with a degree in history and English.
A year later, he moved to Raleigh to cover the 1941 session of the N.C. General Assembly for United Press International. At the session's end, he went to work in Shelby for the Daily Star. His journalism career was interrupted when he was drafted and served two and a half years in the Pacific during World War II.
Jenkins returned to North Carolina to work at the Wilmington Star-News and Wilmington Post for three years but moved to Raleigh in 1948 to join The News & Observer. In 1955 he became city editor of The Raleigh Times, a position he held for several months before becoming Raleigh bureau chief of The Charlotte Observer.
As the Observer's capital city correspondent for 13 years, Jenkins had a reputation for integrity that earned him the confidence of sources. He was also known as the dean of statehouse reporters in those years. In 1968 he was named editorial-page editor of the Winston-Salem Journal and Twin City Sentinel but left the following year to become aide to UNC President William C. Friday.
Jenkins retired in 1982 and for several years wrote a column that was published by papers throughout the state.
Jenkins won the Sidney Hillman Award in 1953 for his coverage of Ku Klux Klan activity in Robeson County as a reporter for The News & Observer. He won numerous awards from the N.C. Press Association for spot news and feature and editorial writing.
Born in the building that housed his family's print shop, Thomas C. Jervay, the former editor of The Wilmington Journal, stayed close to news publishing his entire life.
Jervay was born in 1914 in Wilmington, N.C., where his father ran the R.S. Jervay Printing Co. and, in 1927, founded The Cape Fear Journal, a weekly black newspaper. In 1937, Jervay received a degree in business administration from Virginia State University and went straight to work for the Journal as business manager and editor.
In 1945, Jervay renamed the newspaper The Wilmington Journal. In 1948, when his mother died, he stayed on as editor and assumed ownership of the publication. He remained fully involved with the newspaper until his death in 1993 at age 79.
"My favorite hobby is the paper; my favorite work is the paper," Jervay said late in his career. He assessed his contribution to his profession this way: "I had a long, varied and interesting career whose center was the field of journalism, which I effectively used to promote the economic, political and social advancement of my race."
Jervay and the Journal helped shape the events they covered. The newspaper is credited for its tireless crusades against segregation during the civil rights era. Jervay helped to secure the admission of the first black student to Wilmington College in 1962, to integrate the public library and to gain rights for African-Americans in public life in Wilmington.
He withstood the retaliation that at times erupted. After a 1973 dynamite attack damaged the Journal office, he said, "they blasted my shop, but we never missed a single issue."
Jervay served as president of the National Newspaper Publishers Association (NNPA) and was honored posthumously in 1997 as a "Pioneer in Publishing" by the N.C. Black Publishers Association.
Gerald W. Johnson, who grew up in the Piedmont and graduated from Wake Forest University, was a journalist and author of some three dozen books of history, biography and commentary on American politics and culture.
He began his newspaper career in 1910 by establishing the Thomasville Davidsonian. The next year he joined the staff of the Lexington Dispatch and, in 1913, began writing for the Greensboro News. After serving in World War I, he returned to the News. He was professor of journalism when the Department of Journalism was established at UNC-Chapel Hill in 1924.
From 1929 to 1943, Johnson was an editorial writer for the Baltimore Sun papers. He was a contributing editor for The New Republic from 1954 until his death in 1980.
Dave Jones spent 40 of his journalistic years at the News and Observer Publishing Company, beginning as an advertising salesperson and retiring as associate publisher in 1991.
Born in Asheville, N.C., in 1926, Jones received his journalism degree from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1948 and became editor of The Enfield Progress, an eastern North Carolina weekly. A year later, he joined the advertising staff of The Wilson Daily Times and moved to The News & Observer in 1949. After a two-year stint in the Army, he returned to The N&O, where he held a variety of positions including advertising director, general manager, vice president and director.
Jones served two three-year terms as president of the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication Foundation, having previously served six years as treasurer of that organization. He is a member of the School's Board of Visitors. Active in professional and civic affairs, he has served as president of the United Way of Wake County, the Raleigh Little Theatre, Chowan College Graphic Arts Foundation, Eastern N.C. Press Association, Rex Hospital Foundation and the N.C. Newspaper-in-Education Foundation. He has been a director of the N.C. Press Association and the Southern Newspaper Publishers Association.
Frank Daniels Jr., president and publisher of The N&O, wrote: "Jones has been a master at getting the most out of his co-workers by simply letting them do their best. ... Many people will remember his individual kindnesses, his concern for his colleagues' personal and professional happiness, his merry and mischievous laugh."
A 1971 graduate of UNC-Chapel Hill, Karen Jurgensen joined USA Today in 1982 as a Life section editor, and in May 1999 she was appointed editor of the newspaper. Before stepping into USA Today's top role, Jurgensen spent eight years as editorial page editor and two years as senior editor/days. She also worked as managing editor/cover stories and senior editor/special projects.
She began her career in 1972 at The Charlotte News, where she worked as an editorial and feature writer, a columnist, and page-layout editor of the editorial page. In 1976, she joined the University of North Carolina Sea Grant College Program in Raleigh, where she worked for three years as a writer and editor before taking a job with the Miami News. She progressed from assistant lifestyle editor to lifestyle editor to assistant city editor before leaving for USA Today.
Jurgensen serves on the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication's Board of Visitors, which she chaired from 1997-1999. She delivered the School's Reed Sarratt Distinguished Lecture in 1992. She has served on various American Society of Newspaper Editors committees, including as chair of the Press Bar Committee and the Literacy Committee.
In July 1999, she delivered the keynote lecture at the second-annual Nancy J. Woodhull Forum on Diversity and Media, sponsored by The Freedom Forum. Also, she received the 2000 Matrix Award for professional achievement from the Washington, D.C., chapter of Women in Communications.
Carl Kasell's radio career spans more than 50 years. Today he is the newscaster for National Public Radio's (NPR) daily newsmagazine, Morning Edition. According to recent reports, Morning Edition is the second-most-listened-to radio program in the country.
Kasell was fascinated by radio at a young age and remembers playing disc jockey with his grandmother's wind-up Victrola in Goldsboro, N.C. He worked part time at a local radio station during high school. One of his mentors was Andy Griffith, who was a choir and theater instructor at Goldsboro High School.
An English major at UNC-Chapel Hill, Kasell earned his bachelor's degree in 1956. During college, he was a program host and newscaster at WUNC-FM, where he worked alongside Charles Kuralt.
Kasell later worked as a morning disc jockey and newscaster at WGBR-AM in Goldsboro. He took a job in 1965 at radio station WAVA in Arlington, Va., first as morning anchor and then as news director.
After 10 years at WAVA, he joined National Public Radio in 1975 as a part-time broadcaster for Weekend All Things Considered. He became a full-time newscaster for Morning Edition at its inception in 1979. He prepares and delivers news reports at the top of every hour during the broadcast.
In 1998 Kasell became official judge and scorekeeper for NPR's weekly news quiz show, Wait, Wait … Don't Tell Me! The winner of each show gets a custom message on his or her home answering machine in Kasell's familiar voice.
Kasell won the Public Radio Regional Organization Award in 1991. He also received the Leo C. Lee Friend of Public Radio News Award in 1996, given for lasting commitment to public radio journalism.
Larry Keith was editorial projects director of Sports Illustrated, where he has been a reporter, writer and editor since 1970. He joined the magazine less than a year after graduating from the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and after winning a National Headliner Club Award while a special assignment reporter for WAYS in Charlotte.
As a writer at Sports Illustrated, he wrote 19 cover stories about baseball and college basketball and football. As a senior editor, he oversaw the magazine's baseball and college basketball coverage. As assistant managing editor, he directed three magazine development projects, including the editorial concept and planning for Sports Illustrated Kids.
In 13 years as editorial projects director, Keith has developed advertiser-sponsored stories for Sports Illustrated and other Time Inc. magazines, winning two Time Inc. President's Awards. He also edited the official souvenir programs for the 1996, 2000 and 2002 Olympic Games.
A strong proponent of journalism education, Keith created and taught a course in sports journalism at the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism from 1985 to 1988. He has served on the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication's Board of Advisers. He and his wife, Carolyn, whom he met at Sports Illustrated, endowed the Larry and Carolyn Keith Awards for Sports Journalism at UNC-Chapel Hill.
Keith was born in Birmingham, Ala., in 1947 and grew up in Charlotte. He began his journalism career as an intern at The Charlotte News from 1963 to 1968.
Charles Kuralt was born in Wilmington and attended UNC-Chapel Hill, where he was the 1954-55 editor of The Daily Tar Heel. He worked as reporter and columnist for The Charlotte News before becoming a writer for CBS News. Best known for his "On the Road" series, he later anchored the CBS Sunday Morning news program. He received an Emmy award in 1969, the Ernie Pyle Memorial award in 1956, the George Foster Peabody broadcasting award in 1969 and 1976, and the UNC-Chapel Hill Distinguished Alumnus award in 1972.
Laffoon of Elkin was publisher of The Elkin Tribune for 42 years. When he retired in 1968, his paper had earned 61 state and national awards in many categories, including general excellence, news coverage, photography and community service.
Born in Smithfield in 1911, Tom Lassiter has been associated with The Smithfield Herald, a family institution, since 1933 — first as news reporter, then as managing editor. He was editor and publisher from 1941 until 1980. His son, T. Wingate Lassiter, also served as editor and publisher of the newspaper.
He is a past president of the North Carolina Press Association and has served on its board of directors. He taught at the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism from 1948 to 1953. Lassiter is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and has been a director of the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication Foundation.
As a supporter of blacks in their struggle for civil rights, Lassiter opposed North Carolina's Pearsall Plan in 1956. Through editorials and participation in forums, radio and television appearances, he helped fight segregation in public schools.
William C. Lassiter had more than 50 years of experience in newspaper law and was a well-known guardian of the First Amendment.
Lassiter's monthly column in the North Carolina Press, the N.C. Press Association's publication, and his book, Law and Press, were recognized as authoritative in North Carolina.
A native of Smithfield, Lassiter graduated from Duke Law School in 1933.
Nell Battle Lewis remained North Carolina's loudest cheerleader and its sharpest critic for 35 years as a columnist with The News & Observer in Raleigh. She wrote about the state's beauty as well as its shortcomings in articles that ranged from the labor movement to rural life and the women's movement to state politics.
A Raleigh native and a graduate of Smith College, Lewis began her career in journalism as editor of The News & Observer society pages, where she wrote about fashion, food and social functions. Eventually her interest in politics and her unique insights into North Carolina life led her to write "Incidentally," a page-long Sunday column that addressed a wide range of topics from farm tenancy to women's rights.
"I was so exceedingly bored by writing of teas, weddings and ladies' meetings," Lewis said at one time, "that one day to relieve myself I wrote two or three single-column paragraphs at random about things that amused me, and headed them 'Incidentally,' which really described the manner in which they were written."
A strong supporter of women's rights, Lewis wrote a series of six articles in 1925 that traced the women's movement in North Carolina from its roots in the abolitionist movement to the adoption of the 19th Amendment. Lewis demonstrated her political enthusiasm at age 25 when she announced her candidacy for the N.C. House of Representatives. Her willingness to take a stand led to an unsuccessful campaign.
References to Lewis' research appear in almost any study of North Carolina history and politics. She is particularly noted for her writings about the evolution controversy and its effect on education in North Carolina. After the Scopes trial, Lewis took up teaching the theory of evolution herself in a weekly quiz called "The ABCs of Evolution Contest."
Apart from her writing and politics, she was a practicing attorney, an instructor at St. Mary's College, the author of several religious books and associate editor of The Raleigh Times in 1948-49. She was also a member of the N.C. League of Women Voters, the N.C. Literary and Historical Association and the N.C. Folklore Society, as well as one-time director of publicity for the State Board of Charities and Welfare.
Her passion for North Carolina history and politics continued in her writing and her work until her death in 1956.
Norval Neil Luxon was dean of the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism from 1953 to 1964. He returned to full-time teaching when he after stepping down from the dean’s position in 1964. He was acting dean in 1967-68 and retired in 1969.
As dean, Luxon was instrumental in establishing the master's and doctoral programs.
He was secretary-treasurer of two national journalism education organizations from 1941 to 1947 and of the Association for Education in Journalism in 1957. In 1958 the American Society of Newspaper Editors elected him a Distinguished Service Member in recognition of his "unremitting and not always popular fight for high standards in professional education for journalism carried on while accrediting committee chair and a president of two journalism education associations."
Luxon earned a bachelor's in journalism and a master's in history at Ohio State and a doctorate at the University of California.
Mallette of Durham was managing editor of the Journal in Winston-Salem for seven years. For nearly 20 years, he was active in the American Press Institute, including roles as associate director, managing director and development director. Founded by newspaper publishers in 1946, the institute offers training and professional development for the news industry and journalism educators.
Prior to his time at the Journal and API, Mallette was a sports writer and later, the sports editor for the Asheville Citizen-Times. Before a career in journalism, he was a professional baseball pitcher, appearing in two games for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1950.
Marlette of Hillsborough won every major award for editorial cartooning, including the 1988 Pulitzer Prize. His editorial cartoons and his comic strip, "Kudzu," are syndicated in hundreds of newspapers and magazines nationwide.
Marlette began his career in 1972 at The Charlotte Observer. After that his work appeared in publications such as Time magazine, Newsweek, The New York Times and The Washington Post, among others.
He was appointed Distinguished Visiting Professor in the school in 2001.
Marlette died in a car accident in July 2007.
Jeff MacNelly attended UNC-Chapel Hill and worked as a staff artist at the former Chapel Hill Weekly. The Chicago Tribune cartoonist won three Pulitzer Prizes for editorial cartoons. He created two nationally syndicated comic strips: "Shoe" and "Pluggers."
MacNelly also won the George Polk Award in 1978 and was twice been honored by his colleagues with a Reuben Award, the top prize of the National Cartoonists Society.
Born in New York City in 1947, MacNelly graduated from Phillips Academy in Andover, Mass., in 1965. He attended UNC-Chapel Hill but left during his senior year to take a $120-a-week job as staff artist and cartoonist for The Chapel Hill Weekly. In 1970 he was hired by The Richmond News Leader, editors said, because of his talent and because the paper had no cartoonist. He won his first Pulitzer 26 months later.
Robert Mason, a 1933 graduate of UNC-Chapel Hill with a bachelor's degree in journalism, was editor of the Norfolk Virginian-Pilot from 1962 until his retirement in 1978.
He was city editor of the Sanford Herald from 1933 to 1935 and editor from 1952 to 1957. In the interim, he worked for the Durham Morning Herald, The News & Observer, The Raleigh Times and the Virginian-Pilot. In 1957, he returned to the latter as associate editor.
He chaired the N.C. Conference of Editorial Writers in 1955-56 and served on the Pulitzer Prize jury from 1969 to 1971.
Bill McIlwain was born in South Carolina but grew up in Wilmington, N.C., where he worked in high school as sports editor for the Morning Star, beginning at age 17.
After a stint in the U.S. Marine Corps, McIlwain was a police reporter for the Jacksonville Journal in Florida. He returned to North Carolina to work as a sports writer for The Charlotte Observer.
After World War II, McIlwain attended Wake Forest College on the G.I. Bill. During the summers, he worked as a general-assignment reporter for the Twin-City Sentinel in Winston-Salem.
After graduation from Wake Forest in 1949, he joined the Sentinel's staff full time. Three years later, he married Anne Dalton.
Among his memorable work at the Sentinel was "Friends in the Desert," an investigative series that exposed the bootleg liquor trade in Forsyth County in the early 1950s.
McIlwain left the Sentinel in 1952 to be a general assignment reporter and, later, night city editor for the Richmond Times-Dispatch. Newsday hired him in 1954 as chief copy editor, and eventually he rose through the ranks at Newsday to become managing editor and then editor.
In the 1970s, McIlwain left journalism to seek treatment for alcoholism. He later wrote a book about the experience, A Farewell to Alcohol, which was well regarded.
He returned to journalism, where he held jobs as deputy managing editor of the Toronto Star, managing editor of The Record in Bergen County, N.J., editor of the Boston Herald American, executive managing editor of the Washington Star and editor of the Arkansas Gazette. He also founded and was editor of New York Newsday and later edited the Sarasota Herald Tribune.
He retired as senior editor of The New York Times Regional Newspaper Group in 1992 and started his own consulting business, working as writing coach with reporters and editors.
Few people find success as publisher of a major, nationally respected paper, but Sam McKeel did it three times, with the Chicago Sun-Times, The Philadelphia Inquirer and Philadelphia Daily News.
A native of Wilson, N.C., he earned his bachelor's degree in journalism from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1950 and his master's degree from Columbia University two years later. Between academic stops, he was editor of the Northhampton News in Northampton County, N.C. He was hired as a reporter with the Greensboro Daily News after earning his degree from Columbia.
In 1954, McKeel began a 35-year association with Knight Ridder newspapers. That year, he was hired as a reporter with The Charlotte Observer. From 1956 to 1963, he was personnel manager of the Observer. He was named assistant to the publisher at the Akron Beacon Journal in 1963 and was vice president and general manager from 1965 to 1971. McKeel held the same positions with the Philadelphia Inquirer and Daily News from 1971 to 1975 and was named president in 1975 and chair and publisher in 1986. He joined The Sun-Times Company in 1989.
McKeel received an honorary doctorate of human letters from Eastern College and an honorary doctorate of fine arts from the University of the Arts. He was chair of the board of the Philadelphia College of the Arts during its expansion and acquisition of a new building, and he spearheaded a campaign that raised $1.3 million to restore athletics and extracurricular activities to Chicago city schools.
His military service included active duty with the Navy in the Pacific Theater from August 1943 to May 1946.
Pete McKnight was a native of Shelby, N.C. He graduated from Davidson College in 1938 and began reporting for The Charlotte News in 1939. During his career he was a war correspondent for the Associated Press, editor of the San Juan World Journal in Puerto Rico, news editor and later editor of The Charlotte News and editor of The Charlotte Observer. He was president of the American Society of Newspaper Editors and of the North Carolina Fund. He received an LL.D. from Davidson College in 1977 and the Elijah Lovejoy Award from Colby College in 1965.
Meyer was a member of the school's faculty from 1981 to 2008. At the time of his retirement, Meyer was the Knight Chair in Journalism.
He believes in the power of precision journalism, or discovering truths from survey research, analysis of public records and field experiments. His book, "Precision Journalism," published in 1973, is listed by Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly as one of the 35 significant journalism and mass communication books of the 20th century. The American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR) also listed the book as one of the 50 significant books concerning public opinion research in the first 50 years of the organization.
Using methods of precision journalism, Meyer analyzed the grievances behind the Detroit riot of 1967 for the Detroit Free Press, leading to a Pulitzer Prize for general local reporting for the newspaper's staff.
His 2004 book, "The Vanishing Newspaper," sounded a warning about the decline in daily newspaper readers, and he proposed a business model for preserving the industry's viability amidst the changes in media technology.
He is a past president of AAPOR and the World Association for Public Opinion Research. He has served on the editorial boards of Public Opinion Quarterly, Newspaper Research Journal and the International Journal of Public Opinion Research, and is a member of USA Today's board of contributors.
For more than 50 years, Joseph Quincy Mitchell wrote for The New Yorker magazine, documenting ordinary life in the streets of New York City.
Born in 1908 to a farm family in Fairmont, N.C., Mitchell attended UNC and wrote features for The Daily Tar Heel. He took a reporting job in Durham before earning a degree. Shortly thereafter, he left for New York and wrote for nine years for the New York Herald Tribune and the World Telegram until being hired as a staff writer at The New Yorker in 1938.
In the pages of The New Yorker, he celebrated the lives of New Yorkers on society’s fringes, including alcoholics, strippers and the homeless. Mitchell’s subjects were not prominent or newsworthy in any timely sense. He wandered the back alleys, harbors and waterfronts of New York City and found ordinary, topsy-turvy human beings with vernacular skills, routines and voices who were often overlooked by history.
Prominent critic Stanley Edgar Hyman said Mitchell belonged to a literary and not merely journalistic tradition that includes William Faulkner, Saul Bellow, James Joyce and Daniel Defoe. Critic Noel Perrin called Mitchell one of “the dozen North Carolinians who belong to American literature (along with O. Henry, Thomas Wolfe and Charles Chesnutt).”
Charles McGrath, longtime head of The New Yorker’s fiction department and the New York Times Book Review wrote in 2005: “If [Joseph] Mitchell wasn’t the single best writer who ever appeared in The New Yorker, then it was a tie between him and E.B. White.”
Mitchell, the son of Averette Nance and Elizabeth (Parker) Mitchell, died May 24, 1996, in New York City and is buried in Fairmont. He married photographer Therese Dagny Engelsted Jacobson in 1931. She died in 1980. They had three children: Nora Therese (Mrs. John L.R. Sanborn) of Eatontown, N.J., and Elizabeth Kristin (Mrs. Henry Curtis) of Atlanta.
Roger Mudd was a broadcast journalist for CBS, NBC and the MacNeill/Lehrer Report. He also hosted a show on The History Channel.
A Washington, D.C., native, Mudd received his master's degree in history from UNC-Chapel Hill. Besides his work with NBC and CBS, he was a reporter for the Richmond News Leader, news director at radio station WRNL in Richmond and a radio and television reporter for WTOP in Washington.
Alan Murray is the president of the Pew Research Center. He leads in setting the strategic direction of Pew Research, in consultation with Pew Research leadership, its board and The Pew Charitable Trusts.
Murray was previously deputy managing editor and executive editor, online, for The Wall Street Journal.
He previously served as CNBC’s Washington, D.C., bureau chief and was co-host of “Capital Report with Alan Murray and Gloria Borger.”
While working at CNBC, he wrote the Journal’s weekly “Political Capital” column. Prior to that, he spent a decade as the Washington bureau chief for The Wall Street Journal.
Murray received a bachelor’s degree from the University of North Carolina and a master’s degree from the London School of Economics.
Rolfe Neill, a native of Mount Airy, was been publisher of The Charlotte Observer and The Charlotte News, subsidiaries of Knight Ridder Newspapers for more than 20 years. He spent more than 40 years in journalism, primarily with Knight Ridder.
Neill graduated from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1954 with a degree in history. He was editor of The Daily Tar Heel.
After Army service, Neill began his newspaper career at a weekly in Franklin. He joined The Charlotte Observer staff in 1957 and stayed there until 1961, when he went to Miami to operate papers in suburban communities.
In 1965 he became assistant to the publisher of the New York Daily News. He rejoined Knight Ridder in 1970, when it purchased The Philadelphia Inquirer and the Philadelphia Daily News. He served as editor of the Daily News and as vice president and director of Philadelphia Newspapers Inc.
Neill won many awards, including a distinguished alumnus award from UNC-Chapel Hill, first place from the N.C. Press Association for columns and the Advertising Club of Charlotte's Silver Medal Award. He also received the Margaret Sanger Award from Planned Parenthood of Greater Charlotte.
Herb O'Keef, a native of Wilmington, N.C., was associated with The News and Observer Publishing Co. in various editing capacities for most of his 40-year career as a journalist. He was editor of The Raleigh Times for 16 years and city editor, Sunday editor and features editor of The News & Observer.
A Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Duke University, O'Keef joined The Durham Morning Herald when he graduated from Duke in 1930. Three years later, he covered the N.C. General Assembly for the Associated Press, then joined The News & Observer staff for a year. In 1934 he left Raleigh to work with the Associated Press in Maryland, returning in 1938.
Roy Park was born in Dobson, N.C., on Sept. 15, 1910. He began his career as a correspondent for two weekly newspapers in western North Carolina at age 12. After graduating from Dobson High School, he worked his way through North Carolina State University as a writer for the Associated Press in its Raleigh bureau. He was also publisher of the NCSU paper, The Technician.
After graduation, he became director of public relations for the N.C. Cotton Growers Cooperative Association. In 1940, he bought his first periodical, Cooperative Digest, and two years later moved to Ithaca, N.Y., to buy an advertising agency specializing in agricultural clients.
His next business venture led to the formation of Hines-Park Foods with partner and restaurant critic Duncan Hines. Hines-Park merged with Procter & Gamble in 1957, and Park served as a senior P&G executive until 1962.
In 1962, Park began his company, Park Communications, with the acquisition of WNCT-TV in Greenville, N.C. In 1977, he became the first broadcaster to acquire the then legal limit of seven television stations, seven AM radio stations and seven FM radio stations. He bought his first newspaper, the Daily Sun, in Warner Robins, Ga., in 1972.
Park served as chair of the Ithaca College Board of Trustees. He also was on the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication Board of Visitors and the board of directors of the School's foundation.
In 1989 Park received the North Carolina Award, the state's highest civilian honor, and Ithaca College dedicated its $12 million communications building in his honor. He died in 1993.
Karen L. Parker earned her journalism degree from Carolina in 1965 to become the first African-American woman to earn an undergraduate degree from the University. As a student, she was editor of the UNC Journalist and was inducted into the Order of the Valkyries.
Parker, who grew up in Winston-Salem, was a career copy editor. She worked for 15 years for the Los Angeles Times, where she became Sunday News Editor. Her other newspaper experience includes the Grand Rapids (Mich.) Press, the Salt Lake Tribune and the Winston-Salem Journal, from which she retired in 2010.
Her diary containing accounts of the 1963-64 Civil Rights Movement in Chapel Hill and her experiences on campus is held in the Southern Historical Collection at Wilson Library.
For more than 40 years, Roy Parker Jr. chronicled current events and the history of the state of North Carolina.
Parker was born in Ahoskie, N.C., and graduated from the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism in 1952. The school awarded him a Distinguished Alumnus Award in 1986.
He began his career as editor of family-owned weekly newspapers in Eastern North Carolina. In 1957, he began a 15-year relationship with The News & Observer in Raleigh. At that newspaper, Parker served as a government reporter from 1957 to 1963, Washington, D.C., correspondent from 1963 to 1971 and chief Capitol correspondent in Raleigh in 1971-72.
From 1969 to 1971, he also worked as a commentator for the Canadian Broadcasting Company's program "This Week in Washington."
In 1973, Parker founded The Fayetteville Times. He served as its editor until 1990, when he became a contributing editor for The Fayetteville Observer-Times.
He wrote a weekly military history column that concentrated on North Carolina and specifically on Fort Bragg. He also was a member of the board of directors of the Airborne and Special Forces Museum Foundation at the base.
Parker authored “Cumberland County: A Brief History,” a book published by the N.C. Division of Archives and History, and was a former president of the N.C. Literary and Historical Association. He was a member of the N.C. Writers Conference and wrote a book column for Fayetteville newspapers for 25 years.
He has served as president of the N.C. United Way and of the N.C. Art Society.
He received numerous awards for his writing and editing, including N.C. Press Association awards for writing excellence in the editorial, criticism and column categories.
Phillips of Morehead City is editor and co-publisher of The Carteret County News-Times, which under his leadership has become one of the nation’s outstanding non-dailies. It has expanded into a 100-employee corporation, with publications distributed throughout eastern North Carolina.
Rose Post began working for The Salisbury Post in 1951, working as a reporter, feature writer and columnist. She won numerous state and national awards for her exemplary writing and earned the N.C. Press Women's top annual award four times. She received the O. Henry Award from the Associated Press three times, the Pete Ivey Award and the School Bell Award for educational coverage. Nationally, she won the 1989 Ernie Pyle Award, the Scripps Howard Foundation National Journalism Award for human-interest writing and the 1994 National Society of Newspaper Columnists' Award.
Post grew up in Salisbury, N.C., and graduated from Boyden High School. She graduated magna cum laude in 1948 from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, with an bachelor's degree in English and a minor in history. She was editor of the college newspaper and elected to Phi Beta Kappa.
She served as president of the N.C. Press Women, now the N.C. Working Press. In 1981, she received an honorary doctorate of letters degree at Catawba College, where she taught journalism. She also was president of the Council of Jewish Women.
Potts oversaw McClatchy Newspapers, a national group of 19 papers including The News & Observer of Raleigh, The Sacramento (Calif.) Bee, The Fresno (Calif.) Bee, The Tacoma (Wash.) Morning News and Tribune and the Anchorage (Alaska) Daily News. He became president in 1975 and CEO in 1989.
McClatchy had been called one of the most editorially aggressive newspaper groups in the nation. The flagship Sacramento paper received two Pulitzer Prizes in 1992. McClatchy's Anchorage Daily News won the prestigious Pulitzer Gold Medal for Public Service in 1989.
Born in Pineville, N.C., on April 20, 1932, Potts attended Mars Hill Junior College before receiving his bachelor's degree in journalism from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1954. He was a reporter, city editor and assistant manager at the Miami Herald from 1958 to 1970. He was general manager of the Tallahassee Democrat and, then, general manager of The Charlotte Observer and The Charlotte News.
He served on the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication's Board of Visitors and was active in the California Newspaper Publishers Association and on the national boards of the Newspaper Advertising Bureau and on the Newspaper Association of America.
Tony Ridder of Knight Ridder, who worked with Potts in the California Newspaper Publishers Association for a decade, said Potts was "the best newspaper executive in the state of California." But his roots—by birth, family, education and journalism—run deep in North Carolina.
Gene Roberts, the distinguished former editor of The Philadelphia Inquirer, said: "Potts is an important force in American journalism. He encourages, insists upon and protects quality journalism; several of his papers would rank among the very best in the nation in their circulation categories. Potts is an exceptionally bright, caring human being."
Dwane Powell became The (Raleigh) News & Observer’s editorial cartoonist in 1975.
His syndicated cartoons led to awards including the National Headliner Award, the Overseas Press Club Award, the Plott Hound Award, the Raleigh Medal of Arts Award and a Distinguished Alumnus award from the University of Arkansas.
Three compilations of his work have been published, and his body of work resides in the Southern Historical Collection at UNC’s Wilson Library. He retired from the N&O in 2009.
He grew up on a farm in Southeast Arkansas and majored in agri-business, but had his first editorial cartoon published for the newspaper in his college town and thus began his cartooning career. Before coming to Raleigh, Powell worked at newspapers in Hot Springs, Ark., San Antonio and Cincinnati.
For more than 50 years, Gene Price served as managing editor, editor and editor emeritus of the Goldsboro News-Argus. During that time, the News-Argus earned more than 40 state and national awards for editorials, investigative reporting, feature writing and public service.
During his career, he has also served as president of the daily newspaper division of the N.C. Press Association, the Eastern Press Association and the N.C. Associated Press Club.
In addition to the News-Argus, Price held posts at the Elizabeth City Independent, the Greenville Daily Reflector and the (Norfolk) Virginian-Pilot. He also worked as press secretary for U.S. Congressman Herbert C. Bonner in the late 1940s and was a chief of artillery firing battery with the 28th Infantry Division in Europe during the Korean War.
While in college, he became the first sports publicity writer for the East Carolina University news bureau — working for tuition, meals and a place to sleep under the ECU gymnasium.
Price has been appointed to major state commissions by Govs. Terry Sanford, Dan Moore, Bob Scott, James Holshouser and James Martin. He served on the N.C. Seashore Commission, which led to the creation of the Cape Lookout National Park. He currently is the longest-serving member and former chairman of the N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission.
Among the many awards he has received are N.C. Sportsman of the Year; a lifetime achievement award from the Coastal Conservation Association; distinguished citizen awards from the Boy Scouts of America, the Goldsboro Civitan and Jaycee clubs; two gold medals from the Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge; and two Order of the Long Leaf Pine distinctions.
He is married to the former Gloria MacCormack, and they have five children.
Bob Quincy, a five-time winner of the N. C. Sportswriter of the Year award, was known for his love of North Carolina sports and his storytelling ability. Quincy attended UNC-Chapel Hill, but his studies were interrupted by World War II.
During the war, Quincy flew 30 combat missions over Europe in a B-17 bomber. After Quincy returned from the war, he was graduated in 1947 and joined the sports staff of the Rocky Mount Telegram. From 1948 through 1962, Quincy worked as a sportswriter and then sports editor for The Charlotte News.
He returned to UNC-Chapel Hill in 1962 and served as the university’s sports information director. In 1966, Quincy returned to Charlotte to work in radio and television. He was hired as a sports columnist for The Charlotte Observer in 1971, where he remained until his death in 1984. He also wrote two books.
Quincy was an avid sportsperson, and the Charlotte Sportsman Club’s sportsperson of the year award is named for him. The Bob Quincy Memorial Scholarship in the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication is one of the School’s largest. Quincy and his wife, Kathleen, had six children.
Sam Ragan, a Berea, N.C., native, was involved in N.C. journalism from 1936 until his death in 1996. He began working for The News & Observer in 1941 and worked his way up to managing editor and associate editor and was named executive editor of The N&O and The Raleigh Times in 1957.
In 1968 Ragan and his wife purchased The Pilot, a Southern Pines-based weekly newspaper, which, under his leadership, received more than 15 awards from the N.C. Press Association.
Ragan graduated from Atlantic Christian College in Wilson. He was president of Associated Press Managing Editors and the N.C. Press Association and was a director of the American Society of Newspapers Editors.
Besides working with newspapers, Ragan for several years conducted "Sam Ragan Reports," a television program on WTVD-TV in Durham.
In more than 30 years as a journalist, Peter Ross Range toured the globe, traveling from Moscow to Singapore to Jamaica.
Range attended Chapel Hill High School. He earned his bachelor's degree in 1964 from UNC-Chapel Hill in German and comparative literature. He was a Woodrow Wilson Fellow in International Affairs at Columbia University in 1964-65 and, in 1966, returned to UNC-Chapel Hill to take graduate courses.
As a correspondent for Time magazine from 1967 to 1975, Range covered East Germany, East and West Berlin, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and the U.S. Virgin Islands. He covered the southeastern United States from 1970 to 1974, at the end of the civil rights era and the beginning of the Black Power political movement.
In 1976-77, he worked as senior articles editor for Playboy magazine. He helped arrange Playboy's famous interview with then-presidential candidate Jimmy Carter and, later, conducted the magazine's controversial interview with United Nations Ambassador Andrew Young.
Until 1991, Range was White House correspondent, diplomatic correspondent and national political correspondent with U.S. News & World Report. He then began working as a freelance writer based in Washington, D.C.
Range twice won the Front Page Award from the New York Newspaper Guild: in 1974 for best magazine sportswriting in The New York Times Magazine, and in 1975 for best magazine reporting on the end of the war in Indochina in Time.
His articles appeared in numerous publications, including The New York Times Magazine, Washington Post Magazine, London Sunday Times Magazine, Esquire and National Geographic.
He is the co-author of three books: One America Indivisible, Playing to Win: Fran Tarkenton's Strategies for Business Success and The Playboy Book of Tennis.
After graduation from Northwestern University's Medill School of Journalism in 1961, Dot Ridings worked as a feature writer and political reporter at The Charlotte Observer. She was a graduate instructor in the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication in 1966-68 while pursuing her master's degree. After receiving her M.A. in 1968, she went to work at the pioneering Kentucky Business Ledger in Louisville, where she was news editor and then editor.
Later, she became an executive for the Knight-Ridder newspaper group in Charlotte and rose to publisher of the Bradenton (Fla.) Herald. She became the president and chief executive officer of the Council on Foundations in Washington, D.C.
She served four years as president of the League of Women Voters of the United States. Among her proudest achievements were coordinating the 1984 presidential debates -- which included outlining debate rules and introducing the candidates to the national TV audience -- and founding two chapters of Theta Sigma Phi, which later became Women in Communications Inc., at UNC-Chapel Hill and in Charlotte.
She received honorary doctorates from Spalding University and the University of Louisville. She served as a member of the UNC-Chapel Hill Board of Visitors and received a UNC-Chapel Hill Distinguished Alumna Award in 1995.
Eugene Roberts, a Goldsboro native and 1954 journalism graduate of UNC-Chapel Hill, was managing editor of The New York Times. Previously, he was executive editor of the Philadelphia Inquirer for 18 years. Under his leadership, the Inquirer won 17 Pulitzer Prizes, including the 1990 Gold Medal for Public Service.
He began his journalism career on the News-Argus in Goldsboro and worked for the Norfolk Virginian-Pilot , The News & Observer of Raleigh, Detroit Free Press and The New York Times before moving to Philadelphia.
Wyndham Robertson is the former assistant managing editor of Fortune magazine and former business editor of Time magazine.
After graduating from Hollins College with an economics degree, Robertson worked as a junior analyst in the Economics Department of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey before joining Fortune as a researcher and reporter in 1961. She was elected to Fortune’s board of editors in 1974 and was named assistant managing editor in 1981. She served as business editor of Time magazine from 1982-83 as part of an experimental program in which six Time Inc. editors temporarily switched magazines.
Robertson spent the last decade of her career as the vice president for communications of the 16-campus University of North Carolina system. She serves on boards that include the Media General Board of Directors, the Carolina Performing Arts national advisory board and the Full Frame Documentary Festival executive board, among others.
Her work has been honored with awards that include the Gerald M. Loeb Achievement Award for Distinguished Writing on Investment, Finance and Business and the American Journalism Historians Association Award for Breaking Gender Barriers in Journalism and Communication, among others.
Steed Rollins was chair of the board of the Durham Herald Co., Inc. A native of Durham and the son of Edward Rollins, a founder of the company, he began full-time with the Herald after graduating from Vanderbilt University. He worked his way up from floor sweeper to managing editor. Later he became executive editor, executive vice president and president. He died in 1985 at age 68.
In 1978, Rollins became the first Durham publisher and only the seventh North Carolinian to serve as president of the Southern Newspaper Publishers Association. He also was president of the N.C. Associated Press Club, the N.C. Associated Dailies and the N.C. Associated Press. He was a member of the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication Foundation from its beginning in 1950 until his death, and a member of the Newspaper-in-Education Committees of both the American and Southern Newspapers Publishers Associations. He was also active in the SNPA Foundation for many years, serving as a trustee, treasurer and chair.
Rollins served 18 years as a member of the N.C. Board of Corrections and Training and was a member of numerous other boards, commissions and committees in Durham.
He entered the Army just before World War II. During the war, he served as a first sergeant in the Air Force 8th Fighter Squadron in the Southwest Pacific.
In his 25-year career as a full-time television journalist, Emmy Award-winner Charlie Rose has set a high standard for informed and revealing interviews, as he has explored the lives of leading political, social and artistic figures from around the world.
"I believe there is place in the spectrum of television for really good conversation if it is informed, spirited, soulful," Rose has said. "If it has passion, engagement, humor, surprise, spontaneity ó if it has all that, there's a place for it. That has been my guiding vision."
Rose was born in Henderson, N.C., and is a 1964 graduate of Duke University and a 1968 graduate of the Duke School of Law.
His first job in journalism, begun in 1972, was as a reporter for WPIX-TV in New York City. In 1974, he became managing editor of the PBS series "Bill Moyers' International Report," and in 1975 Moyers named him executive producer of "Bill Moyers' Journal." The next year Rose became the correspondent for "USA: People and Politics," another Moyers project. "A Conversation with Jimmy Carter," one installment of that series, won a 1976 Peabody Award.
In 1978, Rose was given his own talk show on KXAS-TV in Dallas-Fort Worth. Three years later, "The Charlie Rose Show" moved to an NBC-owned station in Washington, D.C., WRC-TV.
From 1983 to 1990, Rose anchored the CBS-TV network's "Nightwatch," a late-night interview show broadcast five times a week.
Rose was recently hired as a correspondent for "60 Minutes II," CBS's new counterpart to its widely viewed news show.
His current interview program, "Charlie Rose," was launched in 1991, and today it airs five times a week on 215 PBS stations. Notable guests on the show have included Bill Clinton, Nelson Mandela, Yitzhak Rabin, Boutros Boutros-Ghali and Maya Angelou.
Morris W. Rosenberg, a Charlotte native, distinguished himself during a 30-year career with the Associated Press, including many years as a correspondent in Latin America and France.
Rosenberg graduated in 1940 with a degree in journalism from UNC-Chapel Hill. He started as a reporter in Charleston, S.C., but acquired an international outlook that informed his career with the Associated Press.
After working as a writer and news editor for the U.S. Office of War Information in Algeria, Italy and Yugoslavia, Rosenberg went to Caracas, Venezuela, where he was editor-in-chief and organizer of The Caracas Daily Journal, as well as an AP correspondent. He became news editor for AP World Services in New York in 1959 and for the next 28 years covered the world for the Associated Press.
After serving as AP bureau chief for Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean area, Rosenberg was bureau chief in Paris from 1966 to 1977. He was later named director-general for all of AP's Latin American operations.
Rosenberg retired from the news agency in 1987, after spending roughly eight years as chief of world services based in the Washington, D.C., bureau.
Upon his retirement, the government of France awarded Rosenberg the Chevalier of the Legion of Honor.
In 1988, Rosenberg was a distinguished visiting professor at Florida International University in Miami, where he taught seminars in newswriting and U.S. media coverage of Latin America. He has also taught seminars to editors from Asia, Africa and the Middle East.
Vermont Connecticut Royster, born in Raleigh, graduated in 1935 from UNC-Chapel Hill. He began reporting for The Wall Street Journal in 1936 and became editor in 1958. In 1971 he left the Journal to become William Rand Kenan professor of journalism and public affairs at UNC-Chapel Hill. He received the Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing in 1953, the Sigma Delta Chi medal for distinguished service in journalism in 1958, the North Carolina medal in 1968 and numerous other awards during his career. He died in 1996.
Robert Ruark was a journalist, novelist and adventurer, inducted posthumously in 2009.
Ruark, a 1935 Carolina graduate, began his career at the Hamlet News Messenger and the Sanford Herald and later wrote for The Washington Post, The Washington Star and the Washington Daily News. He wrote a regular column for Field and Stream magazine. He authored 13 novels and drew frequent comparisons to Ernest Hemingway for his love of big game hunting. Ruark died in 1965.
Reed Sarratt, a native of Charlotte and 1937 Phi Beta Kappa graduate of UNC-Chapel Hill, began his journalism career as managing editor of The Daily Tar Heel. He worked as a reporter and city editor at The Charlotte News before joining the Baltimore Evening Sun in 1946 as an editorial writer. In 1952, he moved to the Winston-Salem Journal and Twin City Sentinel as editorial page editor, executive editor and, then, executive assistant to the publisher.
During the 1960s, Sarratt was executive director of the Southern Education Reporting Service in Nashville, Tenn., and director of the journalism project of the Southern Regional Education Board in Atlanta.
Sarratt was executive director of the Southern Newspaper Publishers Association and its foundation. After his death, his family and friends created the Reed Sarratt Lecture Series in his memory at the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication.
Ellen Scarborough worked as a proofreader both full time and part time from 1952-1960. She went into The Charlotte Observer's newsroom as a feature writer in 1968 and spent the next 13 years writing home-design and general features.
Scarborough joined The Fayetteville Times (now The Fayetteville Observer) in 1981, where she covered the education beat. She also wrote pieces about city and county government, military, religion and other topics.
She retired from full-time reporting in 1990, moved back to Charlotte and worked as a freelancer for several years.
She eventually gave up freelancing and began devoting her time to volunteering with the American Red Cross, which she began doing in 1991. She was public affairs chair for the Greater Carolinas Chapter Emergency Services. She was also on call as a public affairs specialist on an as-needed basis for hurricanes or other natural disasters. She has traveled all over the country on disaster-relief trips, including to New York City after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.
She was on a number of local and state Red Cross committees and was a co-editor and contributor to the local chapter's newsletter. She was also a workshop leader at the group's 1998 Carolinas Leadership Conference.
Scarborough won more than 90 awards for writing and reporting, including first place in general news reporting from the N.C. Press Association in 1984 and 1985, and first place in travel writing from the National Federation of Press Women in 1989.
She was inducted in 1980 into the Southern Furniture Market's Writers Hall of Fame, and in 1987 she was named state "Communicator of Achievement" by the N.C. Press Club. She was among the candidates to become the first journalist in space in 1986 (the program was canceled after the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster).
Scarborough died in December 2013.
Secrest bought the Cheraw, S.C., newspaper, The Chronicle, in 1953. He edited and published the newspaper in the 1950s and 1960s, at the apex of civil rights battles in the South. Secrest crusaded against segregation despite harassment that included threats to him and his family, buckshot through the windows of his home and menacing signs placed in his yard late at night. He received a Nieman Fellowship to Harvard in 1960 for his courageous journalistic work.
Secrest also served as the co-chair of the Community Relations Service during the Lyndon B. Johnson administration, focusing on racial disputes in the U.S. and especially the South. The CRS helped bring about the Voting Rights Acts of 1965 and 1966. He joined the journalism faculty at Carolina in 1970 and later joined the faculty at N.C. Central University.
Donald Shaw is a communication historian and theorist, journalism professor, retired U.S. Army Reserve officer, and writer who taught at the UNC School of Journalism and Mass Communication since 1966. He is Kenan Professor emeritus at the school.
Shaw also has been visiting professor at six other universities and has lectured at more than 20 universities in the United States and abroad.
As a scholar he is best known for his pioneering work, with Max McCombs of the University of Texas, about the agenda setting function of the press, and for his studies of 19th and 20th century American and Southern press history. He is author or co-author of 10 books and many scholarly articles and papers.
Shaw ran Charlotte-based American City Business Journals for 20 years and worked for nearly 30 years with Dow Jones & Co., rising from reporter to president of the company. He wrote the first national story about Playboy founder Hugh Hefner. He oversaw coverage of President Lyndon B. Johnson's family businesses that won a Pulitzer Prize in 1965 for national reporting.
Don Shoemaker was a 1934 graduate of UNC-Chapel Hill who began his journalism career as telegraph editor for the Greensboro Record from 1934 to 1937. He then worked at the Asheville Times from 1937 to 1941 and became associate editor of the Asheville Citizen in 1941. From 1947 to 1955, Shoemaker was editor of the Asheville newspaper.
He was editorial page editor of the Miami Herald from 1958 to 1962 and editor from 1962 to 1978.
Shoemaker was chair of the North Carolina Conference of Editorial Writers. He edited numerous books and frequently contributed to magazines and encyclopedias. He also wrote a column for the Miami Herald.
James H. Shumaker, professor in the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication, was one of the most popular professors on campus. He also distinguished himself as an N.C. journalist for more than 40 years.
Born in Winston-Salem, he started college in 1945. Although he left before finishing his coursework, he ultimately received his degree in 1972.
During the intervening years, Shumaker became one of the state's most renowned and respected journalists. He was night editor in Charlotte for the Associated Press' operations in North Carolina and South Carolina and managing editor of the Durham Morning Herald.
In 1959, Shumaker became editor of The Chapel Hill Weekly, a position he held for almost 15 years. He was editor when the weekly began publishing six days a week and changed its name to The Chapel Hill Newspaper in 1971. He left the paper briefly to be editor and publisher of the Boca Raton (Fla.) News.
While Shumaker was editor of The Chapel Hill Weekly, one of his employees was Jeff MacNelly, who has since won three Pulitzer Prizes for editorial cartooning. MacNelly modeled P. Martin Shoemaker in the comic strip "Shoe" after Shumaker.
Shumaker taught journalism at UNC-Chapel Hill from 1972 to 2000, and his classes always exceeded designated enrollments. He taught most of the School's skills courses of newswriting, news editing, reporting, editorial writing, feature writing ó plus community journalism. He coordinated the practicum that places students in internships during the academic year.
In 1986 and 1991, Shumaker won the University's Tanner Award for outstanding undergraduate teaching. He has also won writing awards from the N.C. Press Association, Golden Quill and the National Newspaper Association. He died in 2000.
Claude Sitton, who received acclaim for his coverage of civil rights activities in the South for The New York Times in the 1960s, was editor of The News & Observer in Raleigh and won the Pulitzer Prize for commentary in 1983.
Sitton was born in Emory, Ga., and graduated from Emory University in 1949. He reported for a year with International News Service and then with United Press from 1950 to 1955.
He was an information officer with USIA from 1955 to 1957 and joined The New York Times in 1957, where he was national news director from 1964 to 1968.
He has held high offices in many professional associations, including the American Society of Newspaper Editors and Sigma Delta Chi. Among many honors and distinctions, he received an honorary degree from Emory University in 1984. He taught at Emory after his retirement from The News & Observer.
John Skipper became ESPN president and co-chairman of Disney Media Networks in January 2012. He is a 1978 UNC graduate and frequent visitor with students and faculty at Carolina’s journalism school.
In his 14 years with ESPN, he has been a key architect of the company’s explosive growth. Skipper played leadership roles overseeing the company’s television, digital, print and advertising sales initiatives, as well as ESPN’s focus on brand extensions, bringing to life the company’s “best available screen” philosophy across more platforms and with more wide-ranging major rights agreements than at any time since ESPN’s launch in 1979. This strategy – along with an emphasis on live sports – has strengthened ESPN’s relationship with fans while meeting the growing business needs of ESPN’s distributors and advertisers.
Irwin Smallwood, a native of Kentucky, moved to North Carolina as a child in 1940, when his father received a job transfer.
After graduating from high school, Smallwood came to Chapel Hill on a two-year assignment with the U.S. Navy. He stayed to earn an English degree from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1947. While at the university, he was sports editor of The Daily Tar Heel and correspondent for the Greensboro Daily News. The day after taking his final exams, he began working in the sports department of the Daily News.
Smallwood spent almost 42 years with the Greensboro newspaper. From sports, Smallwood then became city editor, then managing editor. Under his editorship, the paper won numerous awards. It was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize for its coverage of the Ku Klux Klan-Nazi shooting in 1979 and received an award as runner-up. Reporter Stan Swofford's story about the "Wilmington 10" also was selected as a runner-up for a Pulitzer while Smallwood was managing editor.
In 1981 Smallwood was named deputy executive editor of the combined Greensboro News & Record, and in 1983 he became executive sports editor, a job he held until he retired in March 1989.
He was a winner in a national golf-writing competition three years in a row, a co-founder and first president of the Carolinas Golf Writers Association and a five-time winner of Carolina's golf-writing competition. He also earned three first-place writing awards from the N.C. Press Association.
Smallwood was a charter member of the Greensboro Sports Council. He also was president of the N.C. Associated Press News Council, the Atlantic Coast Sports Writers Association, the Atlantic Coast Region Associated Press Sports Writers and the N.C. Sports Hall of Fame.
Doug Smith began his career in 1965 as a part-time reporter for The Raleigh Times while completing his senior year at UNC. He earned a journalism degree in 1966.
During his 43-plus years at The Times, The Charlotte News, The Wichita Eagle and The Charlotte Observer, he went from chasing sirens, burning shoe leather and pounding a manual typewriter to blogging, making videos and posting breaking news to the Web.
At The Observer, Smith was a household name for nearly two decades as readers embraced his columns and shared his passion for breaking news, getting the story right and connecting Charlotte’s past and present.
During the boom years of the mid 2000s, he started a new weekly column called The Next Big Thing – a big-picture, bird’s-eye look at the Charlotte region’s emerging trends in commercial and residential development. He combined the print column with videos and a blog that routinely ranked in the daily top 10 for hits on CharlotteObserver.com. The Next Big Thing feature was cited as a reason The Observer business department won the coveted General Excellence award in 2008 from the Society of American Business Editors and Writers.
William Snider was editor of both the Greensboro Daily News and The Record from 1965 to 1982. He previously had been associate editor of the Daily News for 14 years. He won several awards for his writing and is a past president of the N.C. Press Association.
A Salisbury native, Snider received his bachelor's degree in journalism from UNC-Chapel Hill. Before going to work for the Greensboro newspapers, he worked for two governors, as private secretary to R. Gregg Cherry and administrative assistant to Kerr Scott. He was also a reporter for the Salisbury Evening Post.
Snider was active in several civic organizations and received a number of awards, including the National Conference of Christians and Jews' brotherhood award.
Snow was born on July 16, 1924, in Surry County, N.C. Most of his long journalistic career was in Raleigh. He won N.C. Press Association awards for editorials, spot news, feature, column and sportswriting. But the former Raleigh Times editor was best known for his regular column, "Sno' Foolin'," which appeared for more than three decades.
After graduating Phi Beta Kappa from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1950 with a degree in journalism, Snow began his journalism career at the Burlington Times-News. He moved to The Raleigh Times in 1957 as a city hall reporter and also covered the Wake County and state capital beats before becoming city editor, news editor and then editor in 1974.
His columns won eight awards from the N.C. Press Association and were compiled into three books: A Dust of Snow in 1980, Snow Flurries in 1985 and Comfort Me with Apples in 1989. His editorials, features, sports and spot news stories also earned state press awards.
Snow was a chair of the N.C. Editorial Writers Association and a member of the American Society of Newspaper Editors.
Jim Jenkins, columnist and editorial writer on The News & Observer of Raleigh, says of Snow: "In the newspaper business, A.C. is a lifer. Though retired, he continues to churn out two columns a week, at a time when most columnists would pray to God for the privilege of dying before taking on such a task. The fellow has a following, for good reason. He writes with melody, with familiarity, with the kind of touch that is perfect ..."
Walter Spearman taught journalism at UNC-Chapel Hill for 43 years, receiving the Tanner and Valkyrie awards for outstanding teaching.
A Newberry, S.C., native, he earned his bachelor's and master's degrees from UNC-Chapel Hill, where he was editor of The Daily Tar Heel, president of Phi Beta Kappa and a member of the Golden Fleece and Order of the Grail honoraries.
Spearman worked as a reporter, book editor and drama columnist at The Charlotte News and as an editorial writer at the Greensboro Daily News. He wrote a weekly book review column, "The Literary Lantern," for more than 30 years. He wrote The Carolina Playmakers: The First Fifty Years and acted in many roles, including two motion pictures.
Hugh Stevens was general counsel for the N.C. Press Association from 1979 to 2002 and served as general counsel to the N.C. Press Foundation. He represented newspapers and other media in cases in state and federal courts.
Stevens is credited with helping strengthen the state’s open meetings and public records laws. He also helped craft the state’s shield law, which protects reporters from being drawn into litigation.
The N.C. Press Association honored Stevens with its William C. Lassiter Award in 2003, recognizing Stevens’ efforts to defend the First Amendment and the public’s right to know. He received a bachelor’s degree in 1965 and a law degree in 1968, both from UNC-Chapel Hill.
Pat Stith worked as an investigative reporter at The News & Observer in Raleigh, N.C. He joined the U.S. Naval Reserve at age 17 and served 20 months as a journalist aboard a heavy cruiser. After he graduated from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1966, he worked at The Charlotte News and, since 1971, at The News & Observer. He was an investigative reporter for more than 30 years.
Stith formerly directed of Investigative Reporters and Editors (IRE) and was chair of IRE's first national conference on computer-assisted reporting. He won a Pulitzer Prize in 1996 for his part in reporting “Boss Hog,” a series about North Carolina’s pork revolution. “Boss Hog” also won five other national awards.
Stith was born in Gadsden, Alabama, the youngest of a coal miner’s seven children. He married Donna Joy Hyland and had three sons and six grandchildren.
Stogner, ABC11's Eyewitness News anchor, has served viewers in the Raleigh-Durham-Fayetteville television market for 38 years. He began his broadcast career as an anchor at UNC-TV. Stogner has earned multiple Emmy nominations for reporting on subjects including former Governor Jim Hunt’s first international trip to recruit foreign companies to expand into North Carolina, and the 20th anniversary of the fall of Saigon.
Chuck Stone is the Walter Spearman Professor emeritus at the UNC School of Journalism and Mass Communication.
After an extraordinary career as a journalist, editor and author that included stints as an international aid worker, political aide and TV commentator, Stone taught journalism courses as one of the most popular professors at Carolina from 1991 until his retirement in 2005.
Stone was born in Hartford, Conn., in 1924. He served as a Tuskeegee Airman in World War II, and then enrolled as the only African-American student in his class at Wesleyan University, where he earned his bachelor’s degree and gave the commencement address in 1948. He earned his master’s degree from the University of Chicago.
He lived in Egypt and the Gaza Strip for six months and in India for 18 months while working for the humanitarian organization CARE. He also reported from Northern Ireland and visited 14 countries in Africa on assignments for CARE.
Stone served for three years as special assistant to controversial Harlem congressman Adam Clayton Powell who chaired the House Education and Labor Committee. Stone once declined an offer from Martin Luther King Jr. to serve as executive director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
Stone was a reporter, editor and columnist at newspapers including the Hartford Chronicle, New York Age, the Afro-American, the Chicago Defender and the Philadelphia Daily News, where he was the first black columnist and first black editor. He earned national recognition for challenging Philadelphia’s powerful political figures and for negotiating the safe resolution to several hostage crises in settings including a bank, a private home and a prison. He was the founding president of the National Association of Black Journalists.
Stone has authored three books on the black political experience in the United States: “Tell It Like It Is,” “Black Political Power in America” and “King Strut.” He also wrote an award-winning children’s book about racial tolerance – “Squizzy the Black Squirrel: A Fabulous Fable of Friendship.”
Before coming to Carolina, he served as a lecturer at Trinity College, Syracuse University and Bryn Mawr College. Upon his retirement from the UNC journalism school, friends and colleagues established the Chuck Stone Citizen of the World Award that is given annually for a student to travel internationally to study or work on journalism projects.
Sturkey was one of North Carolina's photojournalism pioneers. The Belmont resident spent 34 years as a photographer at The Charlotte Observer, where his work was consistently lauded as among the nation's best.
An inspiration to the field, Sturkey was one of only two N.C. photographers ever to win the National Newspaper Photographer of the Year Award, which he received in 1961. He was also the first Southerner to win this award. Considered one of the most innovative photographers in the state, Sturkey was named Southern Photographer of the Year in 1962 and 1963.
Sturkey began his career as a photographer for The Shelby Daily Star then moved to the High Point Enterprise before joining the Observer in 1955. His work has appeared in Life, Look, The Saturday Evening Post, Ebony, Stern and Time.
In addition, Sturkey made a major contribution toward understanding the world with which he came in contact. During the political and racial uprisings of the 1950s and 1960s, and through the anti-Vietnam war protests, Sturkey brought the images to his paper with great dexterity and sensitivity.
Sturkey's devotion to his field included nurturing new talent. He taught many young photographers in Charlotte and was a faculty member for NPPA's Flying Short Course and Professional Photographers of Canada.
In 1965, Sturkey was president of the Carolina Press Photographers Association. He was chair of the National Press Photographers Ethics Committee in 1975 and chair of the National Pictures of the Year Competition in 1976.
Sturkey also wrote A Slice of Time: A Carolina's Album 1950-90, demonstrating his best work during his career in covering the Carolinas. He was a co-author of The Catawba River, a historical look at people and places along this N.C. landmark.
Sam Summerlin was a chair of The New York Times Syndication Sales Corp.
After earning a bachelor's degree in journalism from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1948, he began many years of service with the Associated Press. In 1954, Summerlin became chief correspondent for the Caribbean and Central America, where he covered the revolution in Guatemala. In Argentina, he covered the fall of Juan Peron. In 1965, he was promoted to deputy editor for world services. Summerlin received the Maria Moors Cabot Gold Medal in 1975 for his role in expanding AP's operations in Latin America.
That same year Summerlin joined The New York Times News Service as assistant general manager and later joined with the Times' Syndication Sales Corp. He produced more than 30 TV documentaries and wrote or co-authored several nonfiction books, including China Cloud, the story of China's rise to nuclear power.
Swindell was the N.C. Press Association's first female president. Elected to that office in 1963, she had previously served as vice president from 1945 to 1946 and as a member of the board of directors from 1943 to 1948. She was born in Wilson in 1897 and died there in 1983.
Swindell was the daughter of John D. Gold, founder of The Wilson Daily Times. In 1933, as the widowed mother of one child, she began her journalism career there. She was business manager, editor and publisher during her 45 years with the newspaper. She presided over four major expansions of the physical plant, conversion from hot to cold type and the installation of a 40-page offset press, one of the first in eastern North Carolina.
She was elected president of the Association of Afternoon Dailies and the Eastern N.C. Press Association in 1951, and served as president and director of the N.C. Associated Press Club. She was an original director of the Journalism Foundation of North Carolina Inc. and served as vice president from 1962 to 1966.
She was on the advisory board of the Wilson Salvation Army, a director of the Wilson Tuberculosis Association and the Wilson County United Way and a member of the executive committee of the Wilson chapter of the American Red Cross and the Wilson Council of Churches. She served as director of the Children's Home Society of Greensboro from 1955 to 1960 and from 1961 to 1966 and was vice president from 1957 to 1959.
In 1973, Swindell received the Emma C. McKinney Award from the National Newspaper Association, an award described as the equivalent of "newspaperwoman of the year for nonmetropolitan newspapers." In 1971 the Wilson City Council, Wilson County Commissioners and Wilson Chamber of Commerce proclaimed Elizabeth Gold Swindell Day.
Van Hecke, a Chapel Hill native and a 1948 UNC-Chapel Hill graduate, joined the staff of The Charlotte Observer in 1958 after working as a reporter for the New Bern Sun-Journal for a year and as city editor of the Kinston Free Press from 1949 to 1953. He was also editor of the Stanly Citizen in Albermarle, N.C., and public relations director for United Community Services in Charlotte.
At the Observer, Van Hecke served in several capacities, including copyreader, copyeditor, assistant city editor, copy desk chief, Carolinas editor, city editor and executive news editor before becoming the paper's business editor in 1980. He kept that position until he retired in July 1991.
"No reporter had more sources, broke off more beats and scoops, gained more trust and confidence than M.S. Van Hecke," said Rich Oppel, former Observer editor. "When Van retired, we lost our single most trusted and respected staffer. He has a special voice: objective, straightforward, but with the awe and fascination of a rookie. His words convey a love for Charlotte, for its people, for his craft. He is the heart and soul of what it means to be a journalist in North Carolina.
"He got more news into the Observer than any reporter I know," Oppel wrote in an Observer profile in 1991. "Carolinians heard first about uptown towers, new manufacturing plants, new subdivisions, new CEOs, new shopping centers, and often new highways and public affairs developments under his byline."
The focus of David Whichard's life's work was The Daily Reflector, the Greenville, N.C., newspaper that his grandfather started in 1882. As a boy, he worked as a carrier. After graduation from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1948 as a journalism major and with Phi Beta Kappa honors, he went back to The Daily Reflector as a reporter.
He became editor six years later. In 1965, he became president and chief executive officer of the newspaper's publishing firm. He also served as chair and editor, guiding the The Daily Reflector, a semiweekly, eight weekly paid-circulation newspapers and three controlled-circulation newspapers.
Whichard was active in national, state and community activities and in professional organizations. He was named to the national Associated Press Board of Directors in 1990 and chaired the UNC-Chapel Hill Board of Trustees.
He served 16 years on the UNC Board of Governors, the governing body of the 16-campus university system, and was a member of the East Carolina University Board of Trustees, the N.C. Board of Higher Education, the Governor's Committee on State Government Reorganization and the Governor's Task Force on Criminal Justice and the Public.
His community service was also exemplary, including leadership as United Way campaign chair for Pitt County, and service in numerous capacities with the Chamber of Commerce/Merchant's Association, Jaycees, Rotary and Salvation Army.
Whichard's professional activities include serving as chair of the Southern Newspaper Publishers Association Foundation, president and chair of the Southern Newspaper Publishers Association and president of the N.C. Press Association. He was a board member of the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication Foundation. He and his family established the David Julian Whichard Scholarship in the School in 1982.
Tom Wicker, a native of Hamlet, N.C., graduated with a journalism degree from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1948. He worked at several N.C. papers, including the Sandhill Citizen in Aberdeen, the Robesonian in Lumberton, the Winston-Salem Journal and the Nashville Tennessean, before joining the Washington bureau of The New York Times in 1960. He was a columnist and associate editor of the Times and the author of numerous books, including On Press, Facing the Lions and A Time to Die. He received the UNC-Chapel Hill Distinguished Alumnus award and was a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Ed Williams retired in 2008 after 25 years as the editor of The Charlotte Observer’s editorial pages. During his 35-year career at The Observer, he won numerous awards for writing and widespread recognition for innovation and leadership. His columns and editorials were part of Observer projects that won the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service in 1981 and 1988.
He began his career in 1967 at the Greenville (Miss.) Delta-Democrat Times. In 1970, he founded a state capital bureau in Jackson for the Delta-Democrat Times and three other small dailies. He also co-edited Mississippi Freelance, an iconoclastic monthly tabloid. In 1972, he was awarded a Nieman Fellowship for a year of independent study at Harvard University. After working briefly for the Ford Foundation, he joined The Observer in 1973.
In addition to his newspaper work, Williams has lectured on innovation and ethics at the American Press Institute and served as an adjunct professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He co-founded the Charlotte World Affairs Council, and he is a former board member of the Museum of the New South and the N.C. Center for Public Policy Research. He chaired the boards of Kindermourn, an agency that works with parents whose children have died, and North Carolina Harvest, a volunteer organization that collects unused prepared food and distributes it to the needy at homeless shelters and other community centers. He is a member of the advisory board of the N.C. Humanities Council and a deacon at Myers Park Baptist Church. In 2010, he was the James K. Batten Visiting Professor of Public Policy at Davidson College.
In 2003, the Mecklenburg County Bar Association awarded him its annual Liberty Bell Award for his community leadership and "willingness to take tough stands on tough issues." Upon his retirement, Gov. Mike Easley conferred upon him the Order of the Long Leaf Pine, the state's highest award for service.
Williams earned a bachelor’s degree in history from the University of Mississippi, where he edited the student daily newspaper and was inducted into Omicron Delta Kappa leadership honorary society and the university’s student hall of fame. He served two years in the Army and received the Commendation Medal for meritorious service.
Williams and his wife Marylyn live in Charlotte.
Jon Witherspoon is president and publisher of the Winston-Salem Journal. Witherspoon went to work part-time as an obit writer and copy boy at the Journal while attending Wake Forest University in 1961. With few exceptions, he worked at the Journal for the rest of his career.
He worked a variety of positions including reporter, copy editor, news editor, human resources director, business manager and general manager. He became president and publisher in 1994. Witherspoon worked on the Journal’s news staff when it won the 1971 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service. A leader in the profession, he was president of the N.C. Press Association in 1998 when the association secured a “shield law” from the N.C. General Assembly to protect reporters from having to reveal sources except under the narrowest circumstances.
Witherspoon holds a bachelor’s degree from Wake Forest University and a master’s in business administration from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. He served in the US Army from 1965 to 1967, including a tour in Vietnam, and he was associate publisher of several weekly newspapers in Maryland in the mid-1970s.
John Woestendiek of Baltimore, Md., was born in Winston-Salem and earned his journalism degree at UNC. He has worked for newspapers including the Arizona Daily Star in Tucson and the Herald-Leader in Lexington, Ky.
At the Philadelphia Inquirer, he won a Pulitzer Prize for investigative reporting for his coverage of the U.S. prison system, including a series about a man wrongly convicted of murder. He was a national correspondent and columnist at the Inquirer and later worked as enterprise editor at The Charlotte Observer before joining The Baltimore Sun.
Bill Woestendiek, a former Daily Tar Heel editor and a 1947 UNC-Chapel Hill alumnus, began his professional journalism career in 1948 at the Winston-Salem Journal, where he later became city editor. In 1955, he joined Newsday (Long Island, N.Y.) as editorial director and assistant to the publisher and organized and directed that newspaper's first Washington, D.C., bureau. At Newsday, he won the 1962 Sigma Delta Chi Distinguished Foreign Correspondence Award for reporting on the Soviet Union.
Later, he was managing editor of the Houston Post, editor and publisher of The Colorado Springs Sun, executive editor of the Arizona Daily Star and executive editor of the Cleveland Plain Dealer. During his tenure at the Houston and Tucson papers, they earned Pulitzer Prizes.
IBM later hired him as editor of THINK magazine, and he served as a consultant for the company's plant newspapers across the country. In 1969, he created, produced and anchored "Newsroom," a nightly news program on WETA-TV in Washington, D.C. In 1970, he was named editor and publisher of The Colorado Springs Sun.
Woestendiek was director of the University of Southern California School of Journalism in 1988-94. He was past president of the Arizona Newspaper Association and served on committees of the American Society of Newspaper Editors and the National Conference of Editorial Writers. He was an editor-in-residence at more than 20 journalism schools. He was a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University in 1954-55 and was a Knight International Fellow in Russia in 1994. He now serves on the Board of Visitors of the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism and Mass Communication.
Yardley, a book critic and columnist for The Washington Post, has close educational and professional ties to North Carolina.
A native of Pittsburgh, Yardley attended UNC-Chapel Hill, where he served as editor of The Daily Tar Heel. He graduated in 1961.
Immediately after graduation, he joined the staff of The New York Times but returned to North Carolina three years later. For 10 years, Yardley was an editorial writer and later book editor on the Greensboro Daily News. He also was a Nieman fellow in journalism at Harvard University in 1968-69.
When Yardley left Greensboro in 1974, he moved to Miami to be book editor of The Miami Herald. Four years later he moved to Washington, D.C., as book page editor and a columnist on The Washington Star.
Yardley won a Pulitzer Prize for criticism in 1981 while with The Washington Star. That same year, he joined the staff of The Washington Post.
Yardley was honored as a Distinguished Alumnus of UNC-Chapel Hill in 1989. He has published two nonfiction books, Ring: A Biography of Ring Lardner in 1977 and Our Kind of People: A Story of an American Family in 1989.
Ed Yoder, a native of Greensboro and a 1956 UNC-Chapel Hill graduate, was editor of The Daily Tar Heel. He was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University from 1956 to 1958, earning bachelor's and master's degrees in philosophy, politics and economics.
The former Charlotte News reporter and editorial writer went to the Greensboro Daily News as an editorial page editor and associate editor in 1961. Fourteen years later, he became editorial page editor of The Washington Star. Yoder, who received a Distinguished Alumnus award from UNC-Chapel Hill in 1980, is a member of the Washington Post Writers' Group and syndicated columnist.
Yoder received a Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing in 1979. He has written articles for the Saturday Review, South Atlantic Review, The New Republic and other publications.
Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter David Zucchino earned a strong national reputation as a journalist. His ability masterfully to report hard news, features and in-depth pieces led former Inquirer Executive Editor Gene Roberts to call him "the journalistic equivalent of what football used to call a triple-threat man."
Zucchino was nominated twice for a Pulitzer before he won in 1989. His prize was in feature writing, for a nine-part series, "Being Black in South Africa." He profiled a maid, a World War II veteran, a politician and other South Africans struggling under the separatist regime.
He has written for The Philadelphia Inquirer since 1980. He also served as suburban bureau chief and as chief of the bureaus in the Middle East and Africa. He has covered armed conflicts and been under fire more than once. He covered the conflict in Chechnya, Russia, where he was shot at by a Russian soldier and by Russian planes. Earlier he worked at the Detroit Free Press and The News and Observer of Raleigh. He earned his bachelor's degree from the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Journalism in 1973.
Since the Pulitzer, Zucchino continued to win state and national awards. In 1994, he won honors in investigative reporting from the Pennsylvania Associated Press Managing Editors and the Society for Professional Journalists for "The Suicide Files: Death in the Military." In 1993, APME honored his investigative series about inner city narcotics trafficking and the Society of Professional Journalists awarded a first-place citation for stories that led to the freeing of a woman wrongly convicted of vehicular homicide.